Antiballistic missile defense
ASU PP: Automated control system of preparation and launch
Communist Party of the Soviet Union (KPSS if transliterated from Russian)
the official name of the ruling party in the USSR.
Extra Vehicular Activity (spacewalk)
transfer of orbit (GTO): Elliptical orbit with the apogee (the highest
point at the altitude of 36,000 kilometers.
orbit (GSO): The circular orbit over the Equator (0 degrees inclination)
at the altitude of 36,000 kilometers. The spacecraft in such orbit needs
24 hours to make one revolution around the planet, which makes it look
"hanging" over the same point of the Earth surface.
Glavnoe Upravlenie Lagerey: in Russian Chief Directorate of Camps -- A
system of prison camps in Stalinist Russia.
Intercontinental ballistic missile
International Space Station
Intermediate range ballistic missile
KSISO: Complex of means of measurement, collection and processing of information
Low Earth Orbit (between 90 and 200 kilometers)
Multiple reentry vehicle
Moscow Institute of Teplotechniki
Ministry of General Machine Building, the government body (ministry) which
between 1966 and 1991 oversaw rocket and space industry in the USSR.
5th Scientific and Research Range of the Ministry of Defense: The official
name of the test range near Tyuratam (Baikonur)
Nitrogen Tetroxide (oxidizer)
Soviet Military Administration in Germany (after World War II)
orbit: The orbit with the altitude of 36,000 kilometers, where spacecraft
needs 24 hours to complete one revolution around Earth.
Telegraph Agency of the Soviet Union; In the post-Soviet period renamed ITAR-TASS (Information Telegraph Agency of Russia)
Unsymmetrical Dimethyl Hydrazine (rocket fuel)