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GENERAL INFO is a reader-supported independent publication, not affiliated with any government or private institution. First developed in mid-1990s, this site is one of the oldest space-related portals on the web. It is unmatched in its level of detail and illustrative content by any other publication in the world. In many respects, RussianSpaceWeb has been the online face of the Russian space program and one of the few independent voices consistently tracking the Russian space industry during past decades.

If you would like to support, please visit this page for secure and easy way to make your contribution via PayPal. For advertising information, visit this page or contact the publisher for special deals.



Anatoly Zak - Creator and publisher

Alain Chabot - Senior editor

Igor Rozenberg - Senior researcher

George Chambers - Researcher

James MacLaren - Editor

Christian Cognard - Contributing editor

Claude Mourier - Researcher and photographer

If you would like to contribute writing, reporting, researching, marketing, web design or work on any other aspects of this site, please contact:



The publisher would like to thank our long-term donors for their support of this project over the years:

Jonathan McDowell, Robert McClimon, Zaven Matevosian, Viktor Lapinskii and Christian Cognard... well as many other individuals around the world for their generous donations:

  • Nicholas Abadzis
  • Vadym Aizinger
  • Christoffer Araskog
  • Daniel Armstrong
  • John Bensted
  • Arturas Berezniakovas (Our 2015 supporter)
  • Richard Bird
  • A. Bolourian
  • Joel Carpenter
  • Craig Cholar
  • Dave Cooper
  • George Damorakis (Our 2014 supporter)
  • Mitch Davis
  • Eugene Dorr (Our 2014 supporter)
  • Paul Duncan
  • Charles Durrett
  • Stefan Eich
  • Paul Feigelman
  • Howard Fink
  • Richard Flagg
  • Matthew Flammer
  • Matteo Galiazzo (Our 2014 supporter)
  • Georges Garbarino (Our 2014 supporter)
  • Andreas Gerster
  • Robert Godfrey
  • Ludwig Grunwaldt
  • Paul Gye (Our 2014 supporter)
  • Tamas Hadarits
  • Douglas Hainline
  • Eric Hinckley
  • Gennady Imeshev
  • Mark Johns (Our 2014 supporter)
  • Nedeljko Kacavenda
  • Jon Mikel Kareaga (Our 2014 supporter)
  • Charles William Kauffman
  • Edward Kelleher Jr.
  • Vladislav Khlestov
  • Andrew Klawitter
  • Manish Kumar
  • Andrej Lazo (Our 2014 supporter)
  • Bryan Linsley (Our 2014 supporter)
  • Georgy Lominadze
  • James Lucas
  • Karsten May (Our 2014 supporter)
  • Juan Carlos Cisneros Martínez (Our 2014 supporter)
  • Jason McGuiness
  • Leigh Mellor (Our 2014 supporter)
  • Mark Meredith
  • Philip Mills (Our long-term supporter)
  • Don Mitchell
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  • Michael Nemeth
  • Mag-I'M Neubauerii (Our 2014 supporter)
  • Robert Oklejas
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  • Jorge C Rodriguez
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  • John Ruth (Our 2015 supporter)
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  • David Zusiman




Writing and news reporting

3D animation, computer graphics, photography, video, web design, informational and interactive graphics, page layout and book packaging;

Consulting on space history and latest developments in the field;

Translating and interpreting between Russian and English;

Advice related to the Russian space industry;

Fees and conditions are project-based and can be negotiated on individual basis.


The entire content of this publication is protected by copyright law and no material from the site can be copied or reproduced without written permission from the publisher. Periodic e-mail notifications from do not imply permission for the reproduction of content. Citing as a source does not clear publishers from responsibility to obtain a written permission from the editor of for reproduction of any materials from this web site.

If you are interested in purchasing photography, informational graphics or written content from the site or would like to order unpublished imagery from the extensive archive which serves as a source for this site, please e-mail your inquiry to Anatoly Zak at:

This web site features only small fraction of visuals and other documents available in the archive.

Please note that the editor makes his best effort to answer as many questions as possible however due to limited time and resources there is no guarantee of a reply to every inquiry. Unfortunately, we can not provide photos, graphics or substantial amount of research free of charge.



Readers are allowed to quote articles from on other forums and web sites as long as citations are limited to:

  • a single headline from a page;
  • a single lead paragraph from a page;
  • a single illustration from a page not exceeding 200 pixels in width (found on the right side of each page)

Do not copy or reproduce main images at the top of the page or images from "click to enlarge" windows;

Always provide a live HTML link back to the original page on;

Do not copy entire articles to other web sites or forums.