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Previous mission: Soyuz TMA-10M
Above: Primary and backup crews of the Soyuz TMA-11M spacecraft during training in Baikonur in October 2013. Sitting in the front raw are members of the primary crew (left to right): Richard Mastracchio, Mikhail Tyurin and Koichi Wakata. Standing in the second raw are backup crew members: Reid Wizeman, Maksim Suraev and Alexander Gerst. Credit: RKK Energia
The Soyuz TMA-11M spacecraft (production number 711, ISS mission 37S) was scheduled for launch on Nov. 7, 2013, on a mission to deliver three members of the International Space Station, ISS, crew, who represented the 38th and 39th long-duration expeditions on the outpost. A NASA astronaut Richard Mastracchio, Japanese astronaut Koichi Wakata and a Russian cosmonaut Mikhail Tyurin were expected to remain onboard the ISS until May 2014 and return to Earth onboard the same spacecraft.
Launch and docking
The liftoff of the Soyuz-FG rocket with the Soyuz TMA-11M spacecraft took place as scheduled on Nov. 7, 2013, at 08:14:15 Moscow Time (11:14 p.m. EST on November 6).
The spacecraft carried a NASA astronaut Richard Mastracchio, Japanese astronaut Koichi Wakata and a Russian cosmonaut Mikhail Tyurin. Along with crew, the Olympic torch representing winter games in the Russian resort of Sochi in 2014 was also onboard. It will be taken outside the station during a spacewalk and returned to Earth with a departing crew on Sunday.
Following a 528-second standard ascent profile to a 200 by 242-kilometer orbit with an inclination 51.6 degrees toward the Equator, the 7,220-kilogram spacecraft is expected to follow a four-orbit rendezvous profile, conducting one engine firing during the first orbit and three additional maneuvers during the second orbit.
The docking at the space station's MIM1 Rassvet module of the Russian segment is scheduled at 14:31 Moscow Time (5:31 a.m. EST) on November 7, six hours, 17 minutes after the liftoff. It actually took place slightly ahead of schedule at 14:28 Moscow Time (5:28 a.m. EST) on November 7. Comparing to previous one-day flights to the station, the rendezvous period for Soyuz TMA-11M was increased by a half an hour to ensure the docking in the range of the Russian ground control network.
With the arrival of Soyuz TMA-11M, three manned transport ships would be berthed at the station simultaneously for the first time since 2009.
Hatches between Soyuz TMA-11M and the station will open about two hours after docking and three new members will join six other residents of the outpost already onboard. New station crew members Mikhail Tyurin, Koichi Wakata and Rick Mastracchio will join Expedition 37 Commander Fyodor Yurchikhin and Flight Engineers Karen Nyberg, Luca Parmitano, Oleg Kotov, Mike Hopkins and Sergey Ryazansky.
The Soyuz TMA-11M spacecraft with Mikhail Tyurin, Richard Mastracchio and Koichi Wakata onboard undocked from the MIM1 Rassvet module within the Russian segment of the ISS on May 14, 2014, at 02:36 Moscow Time. The landing of its descent module took place as scheduled at 05:58 Moscow Time 147 kilometers southeast of Kazakh town of Dzhezkazgan. The mission of Soyuz TMA-11M lasted 187 days, 21 hours and 44 minutes in flight.
Soyuz TMA-11M crew:
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Last update: May 16, 2014
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The Soyuz FG rocket with the Soyuz TMA-11M spacecraft was decorated with ornaments representing 28 most prominent folk art styles of Russia, along with the logo of Sochi Olympics scheduled to take place in 2014. Credit: RKK Energia
A launch vehicle with Soyuz TMA-11M spacecraft shortly after its delivery to the launch pad in Baikonur with the Olympic symbol on the foreground. Credit: NASA
Soyuz TMA-11M lifts off on Nov. 7, 2013, Moscow Time. Credit: NASA