GENERAL INFO is a reader-supported independent publication, not affiliated with any government or private institution. First developed in mid-1990s, this site is one of the oldest space-related portals on the web. It is unmatched in its level of detail and visual content by any other publication in the world. In many respects, has been the online face of the Russian space program and one of the few independent voices consistently tracking the Russian space industry for the past two decades.

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Anatoly Zak - Creator and publisher

Alain Chabot - Senior editor

George Chambers - Researcher

Christian Cognard - Contributing editor

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The publisher would like to thank our long-term donors for their support of this project spanning several decades:

Jonathan McDowell, Robert McClimon, Zaven Matevosian, Viktor Lapinskii and Christian Cognard... well as many other individuals around the world for their generous donations:

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Writing and news reporting

3D animation, computer graphics, photography, video, web design, informational and interactive graphics, page layout and book packaging;

Consulting on space history and latest developments in the field;

Translating and interpreting between Russian and English;

Advice related to the Russian space industry;

Please note that the editor makes his best effort to answer as many questions as possible, however due to limited time and resources there is no guarantee of a reply to every inquiry. Unfortunately, we can not provide photos, graphics or substantial amount of research free of charge.

Fees and conditions are project-based and can be negotiated on individual basis


The entire content of this publication is protected by copyright law and no material from the site can be copied or reproduced without written permission from the publisher. Periodic e-mail notifications from, postings on social media sites, such as Facebook, Twitter and LinkedIn, do not imply permission for the reproduction of content. Citing as a source does not clear publishers from responsibility to obtain a written permission from the editor of for reproduction of any materials from this web site.

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If you are interested in purchasing photography, informational graphics or written content from the site or would like to order unpublished imagery from the extensive archive which serves as a source for this site, please e-mail your inquiry to Anatoly Zak at:

This web site features only small fraction of visuals and other documents available in the archive.



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