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The TM modification of the Soyuz spacecraft, where M stands for "modified," sported the Kurs adavanced rendzevous radio system, modified motion control system and radio communication system. It was also equipped with a thruster assembly with segmented propelant and gas stores. The vehicle was launched for the first time unmanned in 1986 toward the Mir space station, and carried its first crew to Mir in 1987. The TM version also became a base for the Progress M series of cargo carriers.

Soyuz at a glance (TM version):

Launch mass (without shroud and launch escape system)
7.1 tons
Descent module 2.9 tons
Orbital module 1.3 tons
Instrumentation/Propulsion module 2.6 tons
Delivered payload (with three crewmembers) 30.0 kg
Returned payload 50 kg
Length 7 meters
Maximum diameter 2.72 meters
Diameter of habitable modules 2.2 meters
Soyuz TM solar array span 10.7 meters
Volume of orbital module 6.5 cubical meters
Volume of descent module 4 cubical meters
Descent G-loads 3-4 g
Final landing speed 2 m/s
Landing accuracy 30 km

PICTURE GALLERY

The Soyuz TM-32 spacecraft photographed from the side of the instrument module by the crew of the International Space Station in October 2001. Credit: NASA


The Soyuz TMA-2 spacecraft docked to the International Space Station. Credit: NASA