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Russian space program in 2023
Planned Russian space launches in 2023:
March 30: A Soyuz-2 rocket to launch the Soyuz MS-23 spacecraft with a crew of three from Baikonur to the International Space Station, ISS. On May 19, 2021, Roskosmos announced that Oleg Kononenko, Nikolai Chub and Andrei Fedyaev were assigned to be primary members of Expedition 69 crew on the ISS. After an agreement with NASA on the crew exchange in 2022, Fedyaev was replaced with an American astronaut Loral O'Hara. The backup crew was comprised of Roskosmos cosmonauts Aleksei Ovchinin, Oleg Platonov and NASA astronaut Tracy Caldwell Dyson.
The mission of Soyuz MS-23 was expected to last until Fall of 2023, but in June 2022, Roskosmos announced that one of the Soyuz MS-23 crew members would remain aboard the station until 2024, to provide a seat for the return to Earth of a cosmonaut from Belarus, who was scheduled to visit the station in the Fall of 2023. According to Roskosmos, on June 14, 2022, National Academy of Belarus submitted 29 candidates to Roskosmos for the guest-cosmonaut selection after screening more than 100 applicants.
Summer: A Soyuz-2 rocket to launch a Progress MS-23 from Baikonur to the International Space Station, ISS. As of 2014, two Progress missions were penciled for April 16, and July 1, 2023. By 2022, only one cargo flight was planned in the Summer of 2023. The Progress MS-23 was shipped from Korolev to Baikonur on June 29, 2022. It reached the space center on July 4, 2022.
August-Dec. 26: The Angara-5M rocket to fly its first mission from its new launch pad in Vostochny. (As of October 2018, reconfirmed in August 2019. During Presdient Putin's visit to Vostochny in September 2019, Head of Roskosmos Dmitry Rogozin claimed that the launch was planned for August 2023.)
2023: A Soyuz-2.1b rocket to launch the 2,100-kilogram Arktika-M No. 2 remote-sensing satellite. Th launch was originally promised in 2016. In 2015, postponed from 2018 to 2019. By 2018, the launch was postponed to 2021 and by 2021, the mission was expected in 2023.
2023: A Soyuz-MS spacecraft with one pilot and two tourists to make a short visit to the ISS. One of the tourists might perform a spacewalk in the company of a professional cosmonaut. Roskosmos announced signing the agreement for the mission with US-based Space Adventures on June 25, 2020.
2023: Russia to launch Ionosfera-M No. 1, Ionosfera-M No. 2 scientific satellites.
2023: Russia to launch the Resurs-PM No. 3 remote-sensing satellite.
2023: A Zenit-3SLBF/Fregat-SB to launch the Elektro-M (No. 1, No. 1-1) weather-forecasting satellite into geostationary orbit from Baikonur. (In 2008, the launch was promised in 2014. (299) and 2009, the mission slipped to 2015 (388). By 2012, the launch was delayed to 2018. In 2015, the mission was postponed from April 2021.)
2023: Russia to launch the Ekspress-PF2 communications satellite.
2023: Russia to launch the Ekspress-PF3 communications satellite.
2023: A Soyuz-2.1b rocket to launch Luna-Resurs spacecraft to the surface of the Moon. As of beginning of 2011, an Indian GSLV Mk-II rocket was to launch a Chandrayaan-2/Luna-Resurs lunar mission in 2017, including a Russian-built lander, which would carry a rover built in India. (489) In 2009, the mission was promised in 2012. In 2007, the mission was expected in 2011, but by 2010, it slipped to September 2013. The Phobos-Grunt fiasco pushed the mission to 2016-2017. Also, in 2011, the mission was split into an orbiter to be launched on an Indian rocket and a Luna-Resurs lander to fly on a Soyuz-2 rocket. By 2014, the mission was postponed until 2023.
2023: A Soyuz-2 rocket to launch the Bion-M No. 2 satellite. (In 2013, the launch was expected in 2016-2017, however by mid-2014 it was delayed to 2019. In 2015, the mission was re-scheduled for 2021 and by the end of 2018, it was postponed until 2023. The 2023 launch date was reconfirmed in 2019.)
Resurs-PM satellite as depicted in 2017. Credit: RKTs Progress
Luna-Resurs lander. Click to enlarge. Copyright © 2013 Anatoly Zak
Angara-5 during the first stage ascent. Click to enlarge. Copyright © 2014 Anatoly Zak
Scale model of the Bion-M satellite. Copyright © 2010 Anatoly Zak
As of 2014, a pair of Vozvrat-MKA capsules were scheduled to fly in 2021 and 2025. Copyright © 2013 Anatoly Zak