Insider Content

The Insider Content on offers exclusive and advertising-free news, unique technical information and unseen visuals on the space program in the former USSR and related international projects. This regularly updated and ever-growing section focuses on the latest engineering developments in space flight not covered by other publications and provides unprecedented level of detail about ongoing projects.

How to subscribe:

Currently, a 1-year subscription to all articles within the Insider Content section can be obtained via PayPal or a credit card payment of $50. After completion of the transaction, we will send you personalized access information:


Start-1M launcher gets another chance

Article, illustrations and photograhy by Anatoly Zak, Editor: Alain Chabot

Russian industry jump-started plans to convert retiring intercontinental ballistic missiles into a new light-weight satellite delivery vehicle starting as early as 2026, but the process has not been easy and details remain murky. Here is what's known.



New page (No. 380): Orel crew ship interior detailed

Updates: Roskosmos signs ROS schedule; PTK in 2024; KO entrance hatch; PTK general design

New page (No. 379): Big space vision of 1967

New page (No. 378): Soviet Grand Tour dream

New page (No. 377): Ekspress-RV to provide polar connections

New page (No. 376): Russia's lost chance at the Moon

New page (No. 375): Ekspress-AMU4's challenge

New page (No. 374): Soyuz tests new navigation instruments

New page (No. 373): How future crew vehicle will be prepared in Vostochny

New page (No. 372): The USSR tests crew transport for military space station

New page (No. 371): The last Moon rocket misses its chance to fly

New page (No. 370): Soviet engineers re-kindle juiced-up lunar project

New page (No. 369): New engine for the veteran space tug stalls

New page (No. 368): Soyuz MS-12 experiences TV transmission issue

New page (No. 367): Russian gas giant jumps on the D2D bandwagon

New page (No. 366): Origin of the L3M project

New page (No. 365): What's next for Angara?

Update: Angara lifts off from Vostochny for the first time

New page (No. 364): First rehearsal of a joint mission with Apollo

New page (No. 363): Angara's oxidizer infrastructure

New page (No. 362): Angara's fueling infrastructure

New page (No. 361): Angara's hydrogen infrastructure

New page (No. 360): Future station waits for new-generation of robots

New page (No. 359): Descent Module of the Soyuz-MS spacecraft

New page (No. 358): Angara's fire station

New page (No. 357): Russian anti-satellite systems

Update: Air leak doubles aboard Russian ISS Segment

New page (No. 356): Russia re-calibrates its rocket ambitions

New page (No. 355): USSR makes first attempt to build hydrogen booster

New page (No. 354): Lunar Gateway: progress and setbacks

New page (No. 353): I-Hab module in 2023

New page (No. 352): Airlock module in 2020

New page (No. 351): Airlock module in 2023

New page (No. 350): Roskosmos mulls long-term space station transport development

New page (No. 349): Russia faces obstacles in leaving ISS

New page (No. 348): Post-ISS Russian station relies on hyper-optimistic schedule

New page (No. 347): Ground processing of the NEM module

New page (No. 346): Angara's high-pressure farm

New page (No. 345): ISS Reshetnev works on new-generation Gonets system

New page (No. 344): Composite materials challenge new-generation crew ship project

Update: PTK crew ship enters static testing

New page (No. 343): First launch of the Angara-5 rocket from Vostochny

New page (No. 342): NEM prepares for space station role

Update: Angara-NZh completes pad tests

New page (No. 341): Angara's firing room

New page (No. 340): Russia plans orbital "Internet of Things"

Update: Nauka's science airlock open for business

New page (No. 339): Progress to be modified for post-ISS station role

New page (No. 338): Commercial module for the Russian Orbital Station, ROS

New page (No. 337): Angara service tower in Vostochny

New page (No. 336): A private new comer wants to build Russian Starlink

New page (No. 335): Production issues challenge the next-generation spacecraft project

New page (No. 334): The LKM lunar lander for the L3M expeditionary complex

Update: Russian industry completes ROS preliminary design

New page (No. 333): Russia promises its first Internet satellite

New page (No. 332): Ground simulators for Russian ISS Segment to undergo upgrades

Update: Coolant leak reported in Nauka's radiator

New page (No. 331): Angara launch complex: Facility 1

New page (No. 330): Russia plans Starlink equivalent

New page (No. 329): Prototypes of the Luna-Glob hardware

Update: Concept of a lunar reactor revealed

Update: Cosmonauts complete VKD-60 spacewalk

Update: Luna-Glob reaches launch pad

New page (No. 328): The D2 space tug for the L3M expeditionary complex revealed

New page (No. 327): Luna-Glob to witness solar wind hitting lunar surface

Update: Luna-Glob fueled for launch

Update: Kazakhstan to postpone Baiterek project

New page (No. 326): Reusable rocket advances through Technical Design

Update: Russia calls for BRICS space station module

New page (No. 325): Propulsion system of the Luna-Glob spacecraft

New page (No. 324): Luna-Glob to zap lunar soil with laser

Update: Luna-Glob travels to the launch site

New page (No. 323): Luna-Glob to probe lunar soil with neutron detector

New page (No. 322): Angara pad in Vostochny nears completion

New page (No. 321): Thermal control system of the Luna-Glob lander

Update: Cosmonauts complete maintenance spacewalk

New page (No. 320): Luna-Glob to operate a mechanical arm

Update: Angara-NZh to wait for integrated tests

New page (No. 319): Luna-Glob to feature multiple "eyes"

New page (No. 318): New engine paves the way to reusable launcher

New page (No. 317): Flight control system of the Luna-Glob spacecraft

Update: Angara-NZh reaches Vostochny

New page (No. 316): 2018: Luna-Glob gets landing site but suffers new setbacks

New page (No. 315): Luna-Glob to probe its landing site in infrared

New page (No. 314): Luna-Glob seeks pioneering science

New page (No. 313): Metal-cutting begins for the I-Hab module

New page (No. 312): Russian ISS science faces multiple challenges

Update: Cosmonauts deploy radiator aboard Nauka

Update: Cosmonauts complete VKD-57 spacewalk

New page (No. 311): New docking port to accommodate science airlock on Nauka

Update: ERA performs its first big job, readies for another

New page (No. 310): Stalled crew vehicle threatens future of Russian space flight

New page (No. 309): Proton faces long hiatus

Update: Cosmonauts complete VKD-56 spacewalk

New page (No. 308): Contingencies during the operation of the European Robotic Arm, ERA

Update: The third attempt to perform VKD-56 spacewalk

New page (No. 307): Angara awaits its payloads

New page (No. 306): Design of the Luna-Glob spacecraft

New page (No. 305): The Soyuz-5 rocket might need a new launch pad

Update: Nauka spacewalks set to resume

New page (No. 304): Luna-Glob project is in a tight race to launch

Update: Soviet Mars sample return: New details on the trip home

New page (No. 303): Ventilation aboard Soyuz

New page (No. 302): Russian transport ships anomalies decline

New page (No. 301): Roskosmos aims at the 2027 launch of the new station

New page (No. 300): Rescuing Elektro

New page (No. 299): ISS moves to commercial space

New page (No. 298): New push to outfit Nauka

New page (No. 297): Expansion modules for the Russian Orbital Station planned

New page (No. 296): Integrated Propulsion System of the Soyuz spacecraft

New page (No. 295): Thermal control system for the Soyuz replacement

New page (No. 294): Thermal control system of the Soyuz TMA-M spacecraft

New page (No. 293): Airlock planned for future Russian station

New page (No. 292): Gateway's HALO module to begin outfitting

Update: Nauka outfitting is on hold after Soyuz leak

New page (No. 291): Thermal control system of the Soyuz-MS spacecraft

Update: European Robotic Arm inspects leak on Soyuz

New page (No. 290): Users’ guide to the European Robotic Arm

Update: Cosmonauts are trying repairs of their spacesuits on ISS

Update: Spacesuit problem derails Nauka outfitting

New page (No. 289): VKD-55 spacewalk prepares Nauka outfitting

New page (No. 288): Nauka to get a new radiator

New page (No. 287): Orel-based station transport mulled

New page (No. 286): First piece of the lunar Gateway takes shape

New page (No. 285): The Soyuz MS-11 return incident remains a mystery

Update: Plans hammered out for Nauka outfitting

New page (No. 284): Angara-1.2 flies its second mission

Update: Persei's problems resolved

New page (No. 283): Gateway's refueling module continues to evolve

New page (No. 282): Processing facility for the Angara rockets in Vostochny

New page (No. 281): Orel's Propulsion Module experiences major changes

Update: ERA testing approaches completion

New page (No. 280): Russia needs to upgrade ground facilities for ISS support

New page (No. 279): Angara-NZh prepares for major crew vehicle test

New page (No. 278): Set of accessories complements the European Robotic Arm

Update: European Robotic Arm carries its first cargo

New page (No. 277): VKD-ESA

Update: Cosmonauts' spacewalk aborted by battery problem

New page (No. 276): Key station module falls severely behind schedule

New page (No. 275): Roskosmos eyes lower price tag for the new crew vehicle

New page (No. 274): Spacewalk clears European Robotic Arm for final testing

New page (No. 273): New docking tests to extend ISS operation

Update: VKD-54 spacewalk completed

Update: Crew vehicle test program sees major changes

Update: Russia formulates new requirements for future crew transport

Update: Roskosmos threatens to end ERA operations

New page (No. 272): Zvezda might get new elements of thermal control

New page (No. 271): Lunar Gateway faces uncertainty again

New page (No. 270): Design of the Soyuz-MS spacecraft

Update: Another Angara-1.2 is planned in 2022

Update: Specialists resolve problem with the European Robotic Arm

New page (No. 269): Angara-5 to carry its first satellite

Update: The European Robotic Arm arrives at its parking position

New page (No. 268): Russian power-supply system on ISS holds well against time

Update: Luna-Glob slips well into 2023

Update: Russian specialists dismiss threats to re-activate eRosita

New page (No. 267): Thermal Protection System of the PTK spacecraft

New page (No. 266): Russia plans big overhaul of controls aboard key station module

Update: Russia considers "kidnapping" a deep-space telescope

Update: Soyuz-5 provides new possibilities for the prospective crew vehicle

New page (No. 265): Introducing Science and Power Module, NEM

Update: Specialists plan next steps in activating the European Robotic Arm

Update: Contradicting reports on the Luna-Glob status

New page (No. 264): Radio systems aboard Zvezda cause concerns for ISS

Update: Robotic arm problem delays spacewalk

New page (No. 263): Cosmonauts use new tools to activate the European Robotic Arm

Update: The European Robotic Arm hits a snag during activation

New page (No. 262): In solitary confinement: Russian space program in the 2020s

New page (No. 261): Angara-1.2 Aggregate Module

New page (No. 260): Angara-1.2's second stage

Update: Spacewalk animates European Robotic Arm

New page (No. 259): Angara-1.2 – 25 years to launch pad

New page (No. 258): Roskosmos tries to fit new-generation crew vehicle on Soyuz rockets

Update: Cosmonauts complete spacewalk to activate Nauka's robotic arm

New page (No. 257): Roskosmos struggles to re-purpose Soyuz replacement for a new role

New page (No. 256): Russian space station project in 2022

New page (No. 255): Life-support system of the Zvezda Service Module

New page (No. 254): VKD-59 spacewalk

New page (No. 253): Angara inches toward operational use

New page (No. 252): Proton loses payloads in Ukraine war

New page (No. 251): Activating Nauka's airlock

New page (No. 250): Russian engineers consider new rendezvous system for ISS

Update: NASA considers abandoning Soyuz for astronaut return

New page (No. 249): Aging computers control Russian ISS Segment

New page (No. 248): Russian propulsion is key to ISS

New page (No. 247): ISS comes to the brink

New page (No. 246): ExoMars falls victim of Putin's war

New page (No. 245): German telescope aboard Spektr-RG observatory put in safe mode

New page (No. 244): Luna-Glob will not fly as promised

Update: ERA operations in question after Russian invasion of Ukraine

Update: I-Hab model for the cis-lunar Gateway revealed

New page (No. 243): The cancellation of the 5M project

New page (No. 242): How cosmonauts will deploy radiator aboard Nauka

Update: Polyakov forced out of Firefly

New page (No. 241): Last-ditch attempt to redesign super-heavy launcher

New page (No. 240): Nauka to get science airlock

New page (No. 239): The Soyuz-5 rocket project enters experimental phase

New page (No. 238): Work continues to formulate Russian post-ISS strategy

New page (No. 237): First job awaits the European Robotic Arm

Update: Problems on the Russian ISS Segment delay Nauka's outfitting

Update: Ukraine prepares first test of a new-generation space engine

Update: Cosmonauts complete VKD-51 spacewalk

New page (No. 236): Soviet Mars sample return: Trip home

New page (No. 235): Lights, camera, action plan for the European Robotic Arm

Update: Efforts continue to activate new robotic arm aboard the ISS

New page (No. 234): Persei upper stage complements Angara-5 rocket

Update: Stranded Persei falls back to Earth

New page (No. 233): Russian spacewalk to animate European Robotic Arm

New page (No. 232): Angara's upper stage fails to complete test mission

New page (No. 231): Now or never for ExoMars

New page (No. 230): Proton's last hooray

Update: ISS crew works to overcome European Robotic Arm problems

New page (No. 229): VKD-52 spacewalk to prepare controls for Nauka's robotic arm

Update: Russia's next-generation crew missions postponed by two years

New page (No. 228): New-generation module runs on multiple tracks

New page (No. 227): Progress M-UM space tug

New page (No. 226): Prichal's redocking system

New page (No. 225): Prichal's spherical room

New page (No. 224): Prichal's gas terminal

New page (No. 223): Prichal's ingenious design

New page (No. 222): From warehouse to launch pad

New page (No. 221): Prichal - the ultimate tinkertoy

New page (No. 220): Ukraine's Elon Musk mulls new rocket

New page (No. 219): Nukes from orbit: R-36 FOBS

New page (No. 218): I-Hab module prepares to leave the drawing board

New page (No. 217): Russia builds major facility for classified satellites

New page (No. 216): The Orel spacecraft faces uncertainty again

Update: Russian station reaches preliminary design

New page (No. 215): Luna-Glob flight scenario

New page (No. 214): Planning for the VKD-51 spacewalk

Update: Connection breach cuts off the European Robotic Arm

New page (No. 213): Integrating Prichal Node Module, UM, with ISS

New page (No. 212): Activation of the European Robotic Arm

Update: Luna-Glob hard-pressed to launch in May

Update: Russia finalizes ISS operations for 2022 early 2023

Update: Russian lunar program faces major redesign

New page (No. 211): Cosmonauts complete VKD-50 spacewalk

New page (No. 210): Heart of ISS struggles with aging

Update: NASA helps with Russian leak search on ISS

Update: Nauka to see its first spacewalkers

Update: NASA mulls ISS extension beyond 2030, Russians are skeptical

Update: Can Russia return to the Gateway project?

Update: Roskosmos, NASA close to crew exchange deal

New page (No. 209): Before Nauka there was USM

New page (No. 208): Search for air leak on ISS continues

New page (No. 207): Russia plans talks on ISS deorbiting

New page (No. 206): Zarya module: Glass half full

Update: Roskosmos faces ailing Russian ISS Segment

Update: ISS crew enters Nauka

Update: Nauka docks at ISS, misbehaves shortly thereafter!

New page (No. 205): Nauka to get ever closer to the ISS

New page (No. 204): MLM flight control system

Update: Specialists troubleshoot engine issue aboard Nauka

Update: Nauka reaches launch pad

New page (No. 203): Nauka's Ukrainian connection

Update: Nauka to reach the launch pad

New page (No. 202): How Nauka will be launched

Updates: Nauka's launch reset for July 21

Update: There is no final decision on abandoning the ISS

Update: Nauka's launch postponed by a bizarre problem

New page (No. 201): Nauka carries docking port - transformer

New page (No. 200): Nauka introduces sophisticated science airlock

Update: How Nauka and Proton come together

New page (No. 199): Nauka to serve as cargo ship too

New page (No. 198): New era is finally near for the European Robotic Arm

Update: Russia to begin preliminary design of a post-ISS space station

New page (No. 197): First piece of international near-lunar station continues to evolve

Update: Cosmonauts complete the VKD-48 spacewalk

New page (No. 196): Nauka to deliver new life-support capabilities to the Russian ISS Segment

Update: Cosmonauts prepare for the VKD-48 spacewalk

New page (No. 195): Super-heavy rocket stalled by propellant dilemma

New page (No. 194): Scientists push back against lunar program strategy

New page (No. 193): Roskosmos details methane super rocket

New page (No. 192): Nauka races toward finish

New page (No. 191): Russian lunar sample return mission at the crossroad

New page (No. 190): Russia considers super-Saturn

New page (No. 189): New Lunokhod is in the works

New page (No. 188): How sample return prepares human expeditions to the Moon

New page (No. 187): Converting Science & Power Module for new Russian station

New page (No. 186): Roskosmos details serious challenges to its lunar plans

Update: Space station plan comes under scrutiny

New page (No. 185): How the new Russian station can be put together

New page (No. 184): New Prichal module mulled

New page (No. 183): Nauka's power supply system gets second life

New page (No. 182): Russia might drop ISS separation plan

Update: Russian industry outlines future space flight strategies

New page (No. 181): The RFA rocket hints reusable capability

Update: ISS crew continues battling air leak

Update: Ukraine talks rocket engine contract with German startup

New page (No. 180): Lunar version of Briz-M mulled

New page (No. 179): Gateway's HALO module leaves the drawing board

Update: A multi-booster Amur family under consideration

New page (No. 178): Luna-Glob faces uphill battle

Update: ISS crack repairs begin

Update: Reusable payload shrouds mulled for Amur-SPG

Update: Russian industry initiates the new space program design

New page (No. 177): New space tug to boost the Orlyonok crew ship

New page (No. 176): Nauka's thermal control system readies for flight

Update: Ukrainian engineers prepare big engine test

New page (No. 175): SpaceX, NASA detail a cargo ship for Gateway

New page (No. 174): Russia ponders early ISS exit

New page (No. 173): ISS set for the Russian expansion

New page (No. 172): New details emerge on Gateway's construction and work

New page (No. 171): Soyuz to get upgrades to fly beyond 2024

New page (No. 170): How the Soviet Mars sample return mission would work on the surface

New page (No. 169): The Orion might get late design change

New page (No. 168): Roskosmos advances returnable rocket

New page (No. 167): Into the unknown: Russia mulls ISS operations until 2030

Update: ISS crew locates new air leak on Russian Segment

New page (No. 166): Russian engineers detail Orlyonok's design

New page (No. 165): Angara-5V aims at the center stage in the Russian space

New page (No. 164): Russia's super-heavy rocket hits another snag

New page (No. 163): Luna-Glob races against expectations

Update: Russia re-tailors its lunar plans for smaller rockets

New page (No. 162): Russia considers lighter next-generation crew vehicle

New page (No. 161): What's next for Angara?

Update: Gateway station enters a new design phase

New page (No. 160): Unusual roles proposed for the Russian space station

New page (No. 159): Orel's Aggregate Compartment redesigned in 2020

Update: Nauka delay triggers ISS schedule reshuffle

Update: Nauka to be postponed until mid-July

New page (No. 158): Nauka's propulsion system

Update: Struggle with air leak continues on ISS

Update: Soyuz replacement, lunar missions re-examined

New page (No. 157): The Soyuz-5 rocket leaves the drawing board

New page (No. 156): Production of the Soyuz-5 rocket

Update: Cosmonauts prepare for a year of spacewalks

New page (No. 155): VKD-49/50 spacewalk

New page (No. 154): Nauka to feature three docking ports

New page (No. 153): Cis-lunar station gets panoramic windows

New page (No. 152): Yenisei's deep-space tug detailed

New page (No. 151): An air leak on Russian ISS Segment

New page (No. 150): Russia considers a robotic mini-shuttle

New page (No. 149): Russia begins work on a nuclear lunar power station

Update: NASA plans long and short commercial missions

New page (No. 148): Orel's command module experiences major re-shaping

New page (No. 147): Service systems aboard MLM Nauka

New page (No. 146): Partners consider major rearrangement in Gateway modules

New page (No. 145): Russia mulls new station design to compete in commercial race

New page (No. 144): Russia boosts the capability of its super-heavy rocket

New page (No. 143): Russia debates space exploration priorities

Update: Roskosmos opens sea route to Vostochny

New page (No. 142): Orel changes its shape ahead of construction

Update: Roskosmos assumes NASA crew capability throughout 2021

Update: Russia all but withdraws from NASA-led Gateway

New page (No. 141): Science aboard Nauka module

New page (No. 140): Structural design of the MLM Nauka

New page (No. 139): Organizational structure of the MLM Nauka project

New page (No. 138): Baikonur prepares for Nauka

New page (No. 137): Post-docking operations with Nauka

New page (No. 136): Spacewalk to prepare Pirs' departure from ISS

New page (No. 135): Can Russia and China take over the Moon?

Update: Nauka's departure to Baikonur slips to middle of August

New page (No. 134): Gateway considered for a "safe haven" role in lunar orbit

New page (No. 133): RD-809K: A Ukrainian engine advances Saudi space ambitions

Update: Nauka packs for the trip to Baikonur

New page (No. 132): Can Russia build a returnable rocket?

New page (No. 131): Two variants of escape rockets proposed for the Orel spacecraft

Update: Nauka to undergo second phase of vacuum tests

New page (No. 130): Roskosmos continues work on NEM module

New page (No. 129): Soyuz prepares for new tourists

New page (No. 128): Nauka's fate hangs on a few valves

Update, 2020 June 12: Nauka's launch planning zeroes-in on the end of April 2021

New page (No. 127): Orion lacks life support for the Artemis lunar landing

New page (No. 126): Roskosmos studies new station module

Update, 2020 June 2: Rogozin lauds the ROS project

Update, 2020 May 29: The Orel spacecraft gets multiple design changes

Update, 2020 May 27-28: Nauka's launch pushed back to May 2021, shipment to Baikonur to July 20

Update, 2020 May 27: NASA to end Roskosmos' ISS crew transport monopoly

New page (No. 125): Roskosmos begins mass production of the RD-191 engine

New page (No. 124): Early Gateway modules merge

Update, 2020 May 18: Nauka's launch pushed back to May 2021

New page (No. 123): Angara pad progresses in Vostochny

New page (No. 122): Ground tests to continue after first launch of Soyuz replacement

New page (No. 121): Reconfiguring Russian Segment of ISS after Nauka's launch

New page (No. 120): How 5M was expected to land on Mars

New page (No. 119): How risky is the Gateway?

New page (No. 118): Russian industry puts forward new concepts of the Soyuz-6 rocket

New page (No. 117): Upgrading Soyuz MS to indigenous electronics

New page (No. 116): Super-heavy launch complex changes drastically in early design

New page (No. 115): The Orel spacecraft to get drastic changes in its landing system

Update, 2020 April 3: Gateway's first habitat takes shape

New page (No. 114): Preparing MLM Nauka at launch site

Update, March 24: Additional ground tests planned for Orel spacecraft

Update, March 23: Nauka developer struggles to maintain schedule

New page (No. 113): Lunar Gateway fades away

Update: ExoMars postponed from 2020 to 2022

New page (No. 112): Proton hit with a new production problem

New page (No. 111): History of the European Robotic Arm, ERA

Update: Major new goals to be added to the first Orel mission

New page (No. 110): A Cold War jewel gets a second look

New page (No. 109): Building the Soyuz replacement

New page (No. 108): Roskosmos plans space "dreadnought"

New page (No. 107): Second test mission of the PTK Orel spacecraft

New page (No. 106): Roskosmos mulls Plan B for its cosmonauts

New page (No. 105): Missing pieces of the lunar puzzle

New page (No. 104): Russian lunar service module still on the agenda

New page (No. 103): Refining super-rocket's architecture

New page (No. 102): Crunch time for ExoMars in 2020

Update, 2020 Jan. 8: ESA to repeat critical ExoMars parachute tests

New page (No. 101): Nauka still has a chance for launch in 2020

New page (No. 100): How the super-heavy rocket project is organized

Update, December: Russia to seek bigger role in the cis-lunar Gateway

New page (No. 99): NASA drafts new lunar Gateway assembly scenarios in 2019

Update, December 13: Angara production details

New page (No. 98): Preparing Russian Segment of ISS for Nauka's liftoff

Update, December 2: NASA drafts memorandum of understanding for partners on Gateway

Update, December 2: Launch of Gateway airlock postponed until 2028, moved to a Russian rocket

New page (No. 97): Intensive ground testing program to pave the way to Soyuz replacement

New page (No. 96): NASA refines cis-lunar habitat's design

New page (No. 95): ISS to enter the 2020s

New page (No. 94): Roskosmos drags its feet on Gateway contribution

New page (No. 93): Roskosmos promises a 140-ton super-launcher

New page (No. 92): Europe's Gateway component becomes a stand-alone module

New page (No. 91): Russia plans new version of the famed RD-180 engine

Update: Two logistics module designs considered for Gateway

New page (No. 90): Tackling Angara's growing pains

New page (No. 89): New test launch proposed for next-generation spacecraft

Update: MLM module is penciled for launch on November 30, 2020

New page (No. 88): International cis-lunar habitat changes shape

Update: Spektr-RG reaches its destination

New page (No. 87): The Transfer Element for the piloted lunar lander

New page (No. 86): eROSITA team investigates a potential hack... by space rays

Update: Proton's flight manifest

New page (No. 85): The Descent Element for the piloted lunar lander

Update: Proton's enters long road to retirement

New page (No. 84): The Ascent Element for the piloted lunar lander detailed

New page (No. 83): Vostochny to get a large vacuum chamber

Update: First cis-lunar Gateway element detailed

Update: Putin approves the new rocket strategy

Update: Russia's new-generation spacecraft changes rocket again, gets new name

New page (No. 82): HALO: NASA's latest candidate for the first cis-lunar habitat

Update: Russia is back at the negotiating table on the lunar Gateway

Update: Proton might remain with a single pad after 2020

New page (No. 81): Robot Fedor: Future of space exploration or a high-tech boondoggle?

New page (No. 80): Putin to review Russian space program

Update: ExoMars suffers failure in second high-altitude parachute test

Updates (August 7, 11): Spektr-RG conducts orbit corrections; ART-XC telescope captures its first (scientifically meaningful) light

New page (No. 79): First look at the RBKA satellite

New page (No. 78): Russia prepares new push into satellite remote sensing

New page (No. 77): Vostochny's industrial zone gears up for the Angara project

New page (No. 76): Planning begins for Luna-29 mission

New page (No. 75): Spektr-RG sails to its deep-space destination

New page (No. 74): Russia plans to reshape, extend its lunar robotic strategy

New page (No. 73): What parachute problems mean for ExoMars?

New page (No. 72): Russian lunar base mockup at PAS-2019 explained

New page (No. 71): How Spektr-RG came back to life

Update: Roskosmos displays lunar base mockup at Le Bourget

New page (No. 70): The original Spektr-RG satellite

Update: Spektr-RG reaches launch pad

New page (No. 69): RD-8: A veteran engine begins new life

Update: Spektr-RG meets its rocket

Update: Roskosmos to tackle a multitude of tasks in Nauka module repairs

Update: Roskosmos head chairs meeting on the Soyuz-5 project

Update: All options are back on the table for the troubled Nauka module

New page (No. 68): Luna-Grunt to test cosmonauts' lunar landing platform

New page (No. 67): Drakar lunar tug poses old questions

Update: RD-171MV engine (Roskosmos promises first test this year)

New page (No. 66): Roskosmos pushes forward with the Soyuz-5 rocket project

New page (No. 65): Khrunichev promises surge of Proton launches in 2019 as production to wind down

New page (No. 64): ExoMars rover to leave for the Red Planet from an unusual orbit

Update: PTK in 2019: Russia begins cutting metal for Soyuz replacement

New page (No. 63): Russian lunar lander experience, Part 1

Update: Spektr-RG to undergo flight readiness review

Update: Roskosmos is finalizing plan for Nauka's repairs

New page (No. 62): ExoMars project struggles to stay on track for the 2020 launch

Update: Development of the RD-815 demonstrator

Update: Adapting the Gateway for the accelerated lunar landing

Update: Final preparations to begin for Spektr-RG

New page (No. 61): MLM Nauka faces ultimate deadline

New page (No. 60): First test mission of the PTK Federatsiya spacecraft

Update: New Gateway refueling architecture gets traction

New page (No. 59): First piece of international near-lunar station to enter development

New page (No. 58): New era dawns for ISS (ISS in 2019)

Update: Russian Moon plans hit another stumble

New page (No. 57): Lunar Gateway reaches first major design milestone, but Russia is no show

Update: Roskosmos chooses between June and July launch for Spektr-RG

Update: Roskosmos to continue Spektr-R recovery attempts

New page (No. 56): Roskosmos considers contributing cargo ship for cis-lunar station

Update: Roskosmos charts roadmap to super-heavy rocket

New page (No. 55): The Don super rocket - the ultimate goal of the Russian space program

New page (No. 54): Spektr-RG enters final stretch

New page (No. 53): Roskosmos picks final architecture for super rocket

New page (No. 52): First look at the Soyuz-7/Volga rocket concept

Update: Sevastyanov back at the helm of RKK Energia

New page (No. 51): Roskosmos looks at aerobarking lunar transport

New page (No. 50): Federatsiya faces new delays

New page (No. 49): Russia's Spektr-R orbital telescope stops observations

New page (No. 48): Russian space leaders to discuss cooperation with US on the Moon

New page (No. 47): Canada to contribute a new-generation robotic arm for the cis-lunar station

Update: Dilemmas still facing the Russian super-rocket program

Update: First details on descent vehicles for human lunar expeditions emerge

New page (No. 46): Ukraine helps South Korea to develop indigenous space rocket

Update: New funding program planned for lunar exploration

New page (No. 45): NASA solicits international proposals on lunar exploration

Update: Moment of truth for the Russian super rocket

New page (No. 44): Super-heavy rocket: Variant 3

New page (No. 43): Cis-lunar team works on improved rendezvous systems

New page (No. 42): Russia's latest super-rocket architecture detailed

Update: Roskosmos favors new architecture for super rocket

Update: Soyuz-5 to be renamed Irtysh

Update: Russian design to be adopted for airlock architecture

New page (No. 41): Spacewalk to investigate Soyuz hole stirs major controversy

New page (No. 40): NASA begins work on a lunar lander

New page (No. 39): NASA drafts new cis-lunar station assembly scenarios

New page (No. 38): Scheduling cis-lunar station work

New page (No. 37): How far can the cis-lunar station go?

Update: NASA outlines lunar gateway development milestones

Update: NASA gets virtual model of Russia's cis-lunar lab

Update: NASA sponsors five cis-lunar module prototypes

New page (No. 36): Russia quietly drafts lunar orbital station of its own!

New page (No. 35): How much will the cis-lunar station cost?

Update: Cis-lunar station partners meet for crucial project review

New page (No. 34): How the cis-lunar station will be assembled

New page (No. 33): Europe ponders architecture of its first cis-lunar module

New page (No. 32): Russia re-designs PTK Federatsiya spacecraft for multiple docking ports

New page (No. 31): NASA, partners debate refueling in cis-lunar space

Update: Kremlin to bail out its troubled rocket industry

New page (No. 30): Super-heavy rocket: Variant 2

New page (No. 29): Launch facility for the super-heavy rocket in Vostochny

New page (No. 28): Design and schedule for the first piece of the cis-lunar station detailed

New page (No. 27): Russian rocketry at cross-roads

New page (No. 26): Super-heavy rocket: Variant 1

New page (No. 25): Japan mulls Falcon Heavy-launched cargo ship for cis-lunar station

Update: Russia studies different ways to contribute to cis-lunar station

Update: Federatsiya begins parachute tests, faces new delays

New page (No. 24): Development of the super-heavy rocket begins

New page (No. 23): US, Russia cooperate on a near-lunar spacesuit

Update: NASA works on interior of near-lunar habitat

Update: Gateway partners meet in Houston

New page (No. 22): OneWeb: Proton's last hope?

New page (No. 21): NASA studies extra habitat for the near-lunar station

New page (No. 20): NASA drafts Logistics Augmentation Module for the near-lunar station

New page (No. 19): New landing propulsion system for PTK Federatsiya spacecraft

New page (No. 18): New BAS escape rocket for the Federatsiya spacecraft

Update: Rogozin's stance: Will US-Russian cooperation continue?

New page (No. 17): Federatsiya to set sail without its key features

Update: Roskosmos conducts negotiations with China

New page (No. 16): Emergency Escape System, SAS, for the Federatsiya spacecraft

New page (No. 15): Landing Solid-propellant Propulsion System, PTDU, for the Federatsiya spacecraft

Update: NASA to consider inflatable structures for LOP-G

Update: Utilization Element evolves quickly

New page (No. 14): NASA and its partners study cargo deliveries to lunar orbit

New page (No. 13): Russia considers cooperation with China in human space flight

Update: Development of the near-lunar station in 2018

New page (No. 12): RD-815: inside story and latest developments

New page (No. 11): Utilization Element for Lunar Orbital Platform, LOP-G

New page (No. 10): Development of the Airlock Module for near-lunar station in 2018

New page (No. 9): Development of the near-lunar station in 2018

New page (No. 8): Soyuz-5 rocket development in 2018

New page (No. 7): NEM-2 tourist module

New page (No. 6): Second stage of the Soyuz-5 rocket

New page (No. 5): Science airlock for Deep Space Gateway

New page (No. 4): First stage of the Soyuz-5 rocket

New page (No. 3): Aggregate Compartment of the PTK NP spacecraft

New page (No. 2): Transportation of the Soyuz-5 launch vehicle

New page (No. 1): RD-171MV engine


If you would like to contribute information or documents for this section,
please contact: We keep all sources strictly confidential.

Materials from the Insider Content section, including text and visuals, can not be published or distributed in any form without written permission from the publisher of

The subscription price is good for 12 months and a subject to change. Each login is per one user. A login used by more than one user is subject to cancellation.