A Soyuz-FG rocket launches the Soyuz TMA-12M spacecraft with a crew of three on March 26. Credit: Roskosmos
Soyuz rocket missions in 2014
The launch of the Soyuz-U rocket from Pad No. 5 at Site 1 in Baikonur took place as scheduled at 20:23 Moscow Time (11:23 a.m. EST). The launch vehicle was carrying the Progress M-22M (No. 422) cargo spacecraft with 2.5 tons of cargo for the orbiting outpost and its 38th long-duration expedition. Among unsual payloads onboard the ship, is a container with gold fish for the Russian-Japanese Akvarium-AQH experiment. In the ISS schedule, this mission was known as 54P.
A Soyuz-2-1b/Fregat rocket lifted off from from Pad 4 at Site 43 in Plesetsk on March 24, 2014, at 02:54 Moscow Time carrying a GLONASS-M No. 54 satellite. According to Roskosmos, the spacecraft was scheduled to be released into its orbit at 06:26 Moscow Time, on the day of the launch. The agency then announced that GLONASS No. 54 had been successfully inserted into its planned orbit.
A Soyuz ST-A rocket with a Fregat upper stage is scheduled to lift off on April 3, 2014, at 6:02:26 p.m. local time in French Guiana (5:02 p.m. EST), from the Soyuz launch complex in Kourou, French Guiana. The launch vehicle will be carrying the Sentinel-1A Earth-watching satellite, into a 690-kilometer Sun-synchronous orbit.
Russia launched a second unmanned supply mission to the International Space Station, ISS. The liftoff of a Soyuz-U rocket took place as scheduled on April 9, 2014, at 19:26 Moscow Time (11:26 EST) from Baikonur's Site 1. The launch vehicle was carrying the 7,290-kilogram Progress M-23M (No. 423) cargo ship with 2,383 kilograms of supplies and consumables for the orbiting outpost.
The launch of the Soyuz-U rocket took place as scheduled on April 16, 2014, at 20:20 Moscow Time (12:20 EST) from Site 31 in the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. The launch vehicle was carrying a Russian-built Egyptsat-2 satellite designed to provide high-resolution imagery for the Egyptian military and other government agencies in the country. The spacecraft was successfully delivered into its planned orbit 520 seconds after liftoff.
In a midst of the Ukrainian crisis, Russian air and space forces, VKO, launched a classified payload, believed to be a reconnaissance satellite. A Soyuz-2.1a rocket lifted off from Pad No. 4 at Site 43 at Russia's northern cosmodrome in Plesetsk on May 6, 2014, at 17:48 Moscow Time. The launch vehicle likely carried a Kobalt-M imaging satellite, which was officially identified as Kosmos-2495.
The liftoff of a Soyuz-FG rocket with the Soyuz TMA-13M spacecraft took place as scheduled on May 28, 2014, at 23:57:41 Moscow Time (3:57 p.m. EDT) from Site 1 at Baikonur Cosmodrome. The launch vehicle followed a standard ascent trajectory to insert its payload into a 200 by 242-kilometer orbit with an inclination 51.67 degrees toward the Equator.
A Soyuz-2-1b rocket with a Fregat-M upper stage lifted off from Pad 4 at Site 43 in Plesetsk on June 14, 2014, at 21:16:48 Moscow Summer Time, carrying a GLONASS No. 55 satellite. According to official Russian media, the launch was a success. The satellite established contact with ground stations as scheduled at 00:53 Moscow Time on June 15. The spacecraft was expected to be officially identified as Kosmos-2500.
A Soyuz-2-1b rocket with a Fregat upper stage lifted off as scheduled from Site 31 in Baikonur Cosmodrome on July 8, 2014, at 19:58:28 Moscow Time (11:58 a.m. EST). The launch vehicle is carrying a Meteor-M No. 2 spacecraft, along with a cluster of six secondary satellites.
The launch of the Soyuz-ST-B rocket from Kourou, French Guiana, took place as scheduled on July 10, 2014, at 3:55:56 p.m. French Guiana time (22:55:56 Moscow Time, 2:55 p.m. EST). The vehicle was carrying a second quartet of 700-kilogram 03b satellites into a 7,830-kilometer orbit with an inclination 0.04 degrees toward the Equator. A total payload mass carried by the Soyuz during the mission reached 3,204 kilograms.
The liftoff of a Soyuz-2-1a rocket from Site 31 in Baikonur took place as scheduled on July 19, 2014, at 00:50 Moscow Time (6:50 p.m. EST on July 18). The launch vehicle was carrying the 6,840-kilogram Foton-M No. 4 spacecraft (a.k.a. Foton-M4) for conducting microgravity experiments in space, including the production of semiconductors, as well as for biomedical and biological research.
The liftoff of a Soyuz-U rocket from Site 1 in Baikonur Cosmodrome took place as scheduled on July 24, 2014, at 01:44:44 Moscow Time (5:44 p.m. EDT on Wednesday, July 23). The launch vehicle was carrying the Progress M-24M (No. 424) cargo ship bound to the ISS.
Following a 24-hour delay due to bad weather around the launch site, a Soyuz-ST-B rocket lifted off as scheduled from the ELS launch pad in Kourou, French Guiana on August 22, 2014, at 16:27:11 Moscow Time (8:27 a.m. EDT, 12:27 GMT, 9:27 a.m. local time). The launch vehicle is carrying two 730-kilogam Galileo FOC M1 satellites, where FOC stands for the Full Operational Capacity.
The liftoff of a Soyuz-FG rocket took place as scheduled on Sept. 26, 2014, at 00:25 Moscow Time (4:25 p.m. EDT on Sept. 25) from Site 1 at Baikonur Cosmodrome. The launch vehicle was carrying the 7,220-kilogram Soyuz TMA-14M spacecraft with a three-member crew. Following a vertical liftoff, the Soyuz-FG rocket headed east to enter an initial orbit with an inclination 51.6 degrees toward the Equator. The four boosters of the first stage separated slightly less than two minutes in flight, following by the separation of the second stage 4.7 minutes after the liftoff. The third stage inserted Soyuz TMA-14M into a 200 by 242-kilometer parking orbit after slightly less than nine minutes of powered flight.
The fresh cargo ship rode a Soyuz-2-1a rocket for the first time on October 29, marking a milestone in gradual adoption of modified launch vehicles for the human space flight. Progress M-25M was scheduled to deliver fuel, food and other supplies to the International Space Station, ISS, in support of the 41st long-duration expedition on the outpost. The launch of a Soyuz-2.1a rocket with the 7,290-kilogram Progress M-25M spacecraft took place as scheduled on Oct. 29, 2014, at 10:09:43 Moscow Time (3:09 a.m. EDT) from Baikonur Cosmodrome's Pad 6 at Site 31. Following a vertical liftoff, the launch vehicle headed east to enter an orbit with an inclination 51.63 degrees toward the Equator.
According to unofficial sources, the launch of the Soyuz-2-1a rocket with a Fregat upper stage from Pad No. 4 at Site 43 in Plesetsk took place as scheduled on October 30, 2014, at 04:42:52 Moscow Time (9:42 p.m. EDT on Wednesday). Several minutes after the event, official Russian media reported that the liftoff had taken place at 04:43 Moscow Time. The launch vehicle was carrying the seventh Meridian military communications satellite.
The liftoff of a Soyuz-FG rocket took place as scheduled on Nov. 24, 2014, at 00:01:14 Moscow Time (4:01 p.m. EST on Nov. 23) from Pad No. 6 at Site 31 in Baikonur Cosmodrome. Following a vertical liftoff, the Soyuz-FG rocket headed east to enter an initial orbit with an inclination 51.6 degrees toward the Equator. The four boosters of the first stage dropped off slightly less than two minutes in flight, following by the separation of the second stage 4.7 minutes after the liftoff. The third stage inserted Soyuz TMA-15M into a 199.06 by 242.03-kilometer parking orbit after slightly less than nine minutes of a powered flight.
Representing the latest upgrade of the Russian GLONASS satellite navigation system, GLONASS-K No. 12 was the second spacecraft in the GLONASS-K series. Both satellites were intended primarily for flight tests, paving the way to the eventual replacement of operational GLONASS-M satellites with GLONASS-K birds.
A Soyuz-2-1b/Fregat rocket lifted off from Pad No. 4 at Site 43 in Plesetsk as scheduled on Dec. 1, 2014, at 00:52:26 Moscow Time (4:52 p.m. EST on Nov. 30). Following a standard launch scenario for GLONASS missions, the Fregat upper stage performed three engine firings successfully delivering the satellite into its operational orbit around 19,100 kilometers above the Earth's surface.
The liftoff of the Soyuz-STB launcher with a Fregat upper stage took place as scheduled at 18:37 GMT (3:37 p.m. local time). The launch vehicle carrying a quartet of O3b satellites followed a standard flight profile of two previous O3b missions.
Russia launched its latest spacecraft for electronic intelligence. The liftoff of a Soyuz-2-1b rocket took place as scheduled on Dec. 25, 2014, at 06:01 Moscow Time from Pad 4 at Site 43 in Plesetsk. Around 10 minutes after the liftoff, the launch vehicle successfully delivered into orbit a classified payload believed to be the 14F145 satellite with the Lotos-S payload for electronic intelligence. The spacecraft was expected to reach orbit 10 minutes after the liftoff.
The launch of the Resurs-P No. 2 satellite took place as scheduled on Dec. 26, 2014, at 21:55 Moscow Time from Baikonur's Site 31. As in the previous Resurs mission, the rocket headed north to reach a high-inclination, near-polar orbit to give the satellite an almost global coverage of the Earth's surface.
Launches of rockets in the Soyuz family in 2014 (as of December 28, 2014 ):
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Last update: December 28, 2014
A Soyuz-U rocket with Progress M-22M spacecraft lifts off on Feb. 5, 2014. Credit: Roskosmos
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Soyuz lifts off with the first pair operational Galileo satellites on Aug. 22, 2014. Credit: Arianespace