Russian space activities in 2020
Planned Russian orbital launch attempts:
March 30: Russia to launch the Ekspress-80 and Ekspress-103 communications satellites. The joint launch of two satellites was originally promised in 2018, but in 2016, the mission slipped to the fourth quarter of 2019. On Jan. 31, 2018, Roskosmos announced that the payload structure module for Ekspress-80 arrived to Rome from ISS Reshetnev and was undergoing acceptance checks at Thales Alenia Space Italy by a team of engineers including specialists from Reshetnev. By 2019, the launch was delayed until 2020 and, and by the end of 2019, it was planned for March 30, 2020.
April 9: A Soyuz-2-1a rocket to launch a Soyuz MS-16 (production No. 745, ISS mission 62S) from Baikonur to the International Space Station, ISS. The crew will include Russian cosmonauts Nikolai Tikhonov, Andrei Babkin and NASA astronaut Christopher Cassidy. The launch window allows the mission to fly a four-orbit rendezvous profile and dock at the MIM2 Poisk module, a part of ISS' Russian Segment, around six hours after liftoff. The spacecraft is scheduled to return to Earth with the same crew on October 22, 2020, after 196 days in space.
In early version of the ISS flight manifest, the launch of Soyuz MS-16 was tentatively scheduled for March 30, 2020, but by April 2019, the mission was planned to begin on March 20, 2020. In October 2019, the flight manifest under consideration penciled the launch for April 9.
On November 27, 2019, RKK Energia, prime developer of the spacecraft, announced that Soyuz MS-16 had been delivered to Baikonur. The spacecraft was unloaded from its railway car and placed inside the vehicle processing building for acceptance checks and storage, the company said.
Soyuz MS-16 is being unloaded from a railway car shortly after its arrival to Baikonur at the end of November 2019.
April 25: A Soyuz-2-1a rocket to launch the Progress MS-14 cargo ship (production No. 448, ISS mission 75P) from Site 31 in Baikonur to the International Space Station, ISS. The docking of the vehicle at the aft port of the Zvezda Service Module, SM, a part of the ISS' Russian Segment, is scheduled two days after the liftoff. The cargo ship is expected to complete its 220-day mission in late November 2020.
Prior to October 2019, the launch of Progress MS-14 was planned for April 16.
July 23: A Soyuz 2-1a rocket to launch the Progress MS-15 cargo ship from Baikonur toward the International Space Station, ISS. Before October 2019, the mission was expected to begin on July 15. By October 2019, Progress MS-15 was charged at the end of its 132-day flight to deorbit the Pirs Docking Compartment, SO1, a part of the Russian Segment since 2001. The operation would free the nadir (Earth-facing) docking port on the Zvezda Service Module, SM, for the arrival of the MLM Nauka module in December 2020.
October 14: A Soyuz-2-1a rocket to launch the Soyuz MS-17 spacecraft (production No. 747, ISS mission 63S) from Baikonur toward the International Space Station, ISS. The launch window should allow the mission to reach the station after a four-orbit rendezvous scenario and dock at the MIM1 Rassvet module, a part of the ISS' Russian Segment, around six hours after liftoff.
As of 2014, the Soyuz MS-17 launch was planned for September 13, 2020, but by the middle of 2019, the mission was re-scheduled for October 14. By that time, Russian cosmonauts Anatoly Ivanishin and Ivan Vagner were assigned to the crew and Roskosmos planned to add another cosmonaut to the mission, in order to increase the Russian crew aboard the ISS from two to three people, as planned in anticipation of the MLM Nauka module launch.
However, continuous delays with the introduction of new American crew vehicles, prompted NASA to negotiate a purchase of the third seat aboard Soyuz MS-17 for its astronaut Stephen Bowen. In case a US astronaut had to be assigned to the mission and the Nauka was ready for launch as planned in November 2020, Roskosmos would not have a large enough crew aboard the Russian Segment to receive and integrate the new module. At the same time, many other factors could require postponing Nauka's launch and, as early as the Fall of 2019, Roskosmos had already taken steps to support the module's arrival in 2021.
November: A Soyuz rocket to launch Resurs-P No. 5 satellite. As of beginning of 2018, the launch was planned in 2019, but by the beginning of that year, it had slipped to November 2020.
November 30: A Proton rocket to launch the MLM Nauka multi-purpose module to the Russian Segment of the International Space Station, ISS. As of the beginning of 2019, the shipment of the module to the Baikonur Cosmodrome was expected at the end of that year.
December: A Soyuz-ST/Fregat rocket to launch Europe's Euclid telescope from Kourou on a mission to map the distribution of galaxies. (As of October 2011, pending final approval the launch was expected in 2019. Approved in June 2012 with the 2020 launch date. By the end of 2012, the mission was expected in the mid-2020s. By the end of 2015, the launch was confirmed in December 2020.)
December 11: A Soyuz-2-1a rocket to launch the Progress MS-16 cargo ship (production No. 445, ISS mission 77P) from Baikonur's Site 31 to the International Space Station, ISS. The vehicle is expected to fly a two-day rendezvous profile and dock at the aft port of the Zvezda Service Module, SM, a part of the ISS' Russian Segment. During the planning of the ISS launch manifest in the Fall of 2019, the Progress MS-16 mission was expected to last 220 days, but its December 11, 2020, launch date also put the cargo ship into the time frame for a potential back-up role as "burial" vehicle for the Pirs Docking Compartment, SO1. The disposal operation would free the nadir (Earth-facing) docking port on the Zvezda Service Module, SM, for the arrival of the MLM Nauka module. The primary role to discard Pirs was at the time assigned to the Progress MS-15 mission, however a potential delay with the December 2020 launch of the Nauka would shift the responsibility for Pirs' disposal to Progress MS-16, because mission control wanted to keep Pirs at the station until the delivery of Nauka was imminent. To perform its disposal backup duty, Progress MS-16 would need a number of avionics for automated and manual control, which would have to be installed during its pre-launch processing in Baikonur. The exact launch date of Progress MS-16 was also subject to change depending on the status of the MLM launch (Insider Content).
3rd or 4th quarter: A Soyuz-2.1b rocket to launch the 2,100-kilogram Arktika-M No. 1 remote-sensing satellite into a highly elliptical 12-hour orbit (perigee: 800-2,500 kilometers, inclination: 62.8-63.5 degrees) from Baikonur. The constellation is designed to monitor high-altitude areas of the Earth. The spacecraft is to be based on the Elektro weather-forecasting satellite. In 2008, the first pair of Arktika-M satellites was expected to fly in 2013. (299), but by December 2010, the mission slipped to 2014. (442) By 2012, the first launch was promised in 2015 and the second in 2016. In the middle of 2015, the launch was postponed from 2016 to 2017. By the beginning 2018, the launch was promised in 2019, but by the middle of this year, the mission was not expected to liftoff before 2020.
End of 2020: A Soyuz rocket to launch Resurs-P No. 4 satellite. (As of beginning of 2019. Postponed from 2018. )
Postponed from April 2020: Russia to launch the Elektro-M No. 1-1 weather-forecasting satellite.
Postponed from 2019: A Soyuz-2-1b/Fregat-M to launch the GLONASS-K1 No. 15L (Block K4s) navigation satellite from Pad No. 4 at Site 43 in Plesetsk. The spacecraft was apparently intended to replace the vehicle No. 717 which experienced technical problems.
2020: A Soyuz rocket to launch the Meteor-M No. 2-3 remote-sensing satellite. (As of beginning of 2018. The mission was previously planned for April 2019).
2020: Russia to launch Resurs-PM No. 1 remote-sensing satellite.
2020: Russia to launch the Ekspress-AMU5 communications satellite (as of 2014).
2020: Russia to launch the Ekspress-AMU6 communications satellite (as of 2014).
Beginning of 2020: Russia to launch Kanopus-VM No. 2 satellite.
2020: A Zenit-3SLBF/Fregat-SB to launch the Elektro-M (No. 2) weather-forecasting satellite into a geostationary orbit from Baikonur. (As of 2010, the launch was expected in 2020, (411) however by 2012, the mission was postponed to the second half of 2021.)
2020: A Zenit-3SLBF/Fregat-SB to launch the Elektro-M (No. 3) weather-forecasting satellite into a geostationary orbit from Baikonur. (As of 2012, the mission was expected in 2020, however by 2012, the launch was postponed to the middle of 2023.)
2020: Russia to launch the Okean No. 2 ocean-monitoring satellite (As of 2010-2012).
Around 2020: Russia to launch Astrometria satellite.
2020: Roskosmos to launch the first Kondor-FKA radar-carrying satellite. (As of 2019. Delayed from 2018; switched from Rockot/Briz-KM based in Plesetsk)
Delayed from 2019: Russia to complete the orbital deployment of the Obzor-O four-satellite remote-sensing constellation. (As of October 2012.)
Scale model of the Mars rover for the ExoMars project. Copyright © 2010 Anatoly Zak
Scale model of the Mars lander with the ExoMars rover inside. Copyright © 2010 Anatoly Zak
At the end of 2015, the Euclid space observatory was set for launch in December 2020. Credit: ESA
Resurs-PM satellite as depicted in 2017. Credit: RKTs Progress
The Arktika satellite could be based on the Elektro weather-forecasting satellite. Credit: Roskosmos