Russian space activities in 2019
PLANNED RUSSIAN SPACE MISSIONS:
Feb. 7: A Soyuz-2-1a rocket to launch the Progress MS-11 cargo ship from Baikonur to the International Space Station, ISS. As of 2014, the launch was scheduled for April 16, 2018. The assembly of the vehicle was completed in September 2018. After its delivery to Baikonur, the spacecraft was unloaded from its rail container and installed in its test rig for initial checks on Sept. 12, 2018. In the wake of the air leak incident aboard the Soyuz MS-09 spacecraft in orbit in August 2018, Progress MS-11 underwent an additional inspection. The cargo ship was then put in storage until the start of its launch campaign in November 2018.
February: A Proton-M rocket to launch the Yamal-601 satellite for Gazprom Space Systems, a division of the largest Russian oil and natural gas producer. According to original deal struck in 2014, the Yamal 601 satellite, weighing over 5,700 kilograms, was to be built by Thales Alenia Space on the flight proven Spacebus-4000 platform. The mission marked the second Russian company switching from domestic communications satellite developers to foreign suppliers. Previously, Russian Satellite Communications Company, RSCC, also gave contracts to non-Russian satellite producers.
However after the events in Crimea later that year, the contract was re-written to base the project on the platform developed at ISS Reshetnev in Russia, while leaving the communications payload to be supplied by Thales.
The satellite will be launched into geostationary transfer orbit and has an anticipated service lifetime of 15 years. Yamal 601 satellite will replace Yamal 202 and will provide fixed communications and transmission services in C-band over Europe, the Middle East, Northern Africa and South-East Asia from the orbital position at 49 degrees East longitude. This satellite is also designed for development of business in Ku- and Ka-bands in the Russian market.
The International Launch Services, ILS, a US-based company that markets the Proton rocket to commercial customers, announced the contract for the launch of Yamal-601 on Jan. 22, 2014, promising the launch in February 2016.
In July 2016, Moscow-based Sberbank provided Gazprom with five lines of credit totaling 22 billion rubles for the development of the Yamal-601 satellite, its ground infrastructure, its launch and insurance.
By April 2017, the mission slipped to the end of 2018. The launch date was confirmed in September 2017.
On April 6, 2018, RIA Novosti quoted head of Gazprom KS Nikolai Sevastyanov promising the launch in January 2019. By July 2018, the launch was re-scheduled for February 2019.
February: A Soyuz-2 (ST-B) rocket to launch a OneWeb Pilot Internet communications satellite from the ELS complex in Kourou, French Guiana. The launch was originally planned for November 2018, but by August of that year, the mission had to be postponed until February 2019, apparently due to delays with the production of the spacecraft. As a result of a domino effect of delays, the first launch of OneWeb satellites from Baikonur was now possible no earlier than the end of summer of beginning of fall 2019. The first launch of the satellites from Vostochny slipped to 2020.
Feb. 27 - April 11 (Postponed from September 2018): A Proton-M/Block-DM-03 rocket to launch the Spektr-RG X-ray observatory. (As of April-June 2014, the launch was postponed from March 26, 2016, to 2017. By the end of 2015, the launch was planned for Sept. 25, 2017.).
March: A Proton-M/Briz-M rocket to launch from Baikonur with a pair of satellites built by Orbital ATK: Eutelsat-5 West-B and the first Mission Extension Vehicle, MEV-1. The Eutelsat-5 West B satellite is based on Orbital ATK's GEOstar platform and carries communications payload developed at Airbus Defense and Space. During its ride to orbit on the Proton, Eutelsat-5 West-B will be stacked on top of the MEV-1 satellite. The two-launch agreement between Eutelsat and the International Launch Services, ILS, which markets Proton rockets to comercial customers, was announced on October 12, 2016. The deal also included the first order for the yet-to-be developed Proton-Medium rocket to carry an unidentified payload for Eutelsat in 2019 or 2020. The agreements for both launches were pre-arranged in a preliminary deal between ILS and Eutelsat, first announced in October of 2015. By July 2018, the mission had to be postponed from the the fourth quarter of 2018 to March 2019, until after the launch of Yamal-601 satellite, due to delays with the delivery of Eutelsat and MEV satellites.
March 14: A Soyuz-2-1a rocket to launch a Soyuz MS-12 (No. 742) manned transport spacecraft with a crew of three from Baikonur toward the International Space Station, ISS. (The launch was previously planned for March 7.)
Second quarter: A Proton rocket with Block DM-03 No. 6L to launch the Elektro-L No. 3 satellite from Baikonur. The launch was previously planned in 2017, but by the middle of that year, the mission had to be postponed until the fall of 2018. As of September 2017, the launch was scheduled for Oct. 22, 2018, but was then delayed until the second quarter of 2019.
Fourth quarter: Russia to launch the Ekspress-80 and Ekspress-103 communications satellites. The joint launch of two satellitew was originally promised in 2018, but as of 2016, the mission slipped to the fourth quarter of 2019. On Jan. 31, 2018, Roskosmos announced that the payload structure module for Ekspress-80 arrived to Rome from ISS Reshetnev and was undergoing acceptance checks at Thales Alenia Space Italy by a team of engineers including specialists from Reshetnev.
Uncertain dates2019: A Soyuz-2.1b rocket to launch the 2,100-kilogram Arktika-M No. 1 remote-sensing satellite into a highly elliptical 12-hour orbit (perigee: 800-2,500 kilometers, inclination: 62.8-63.5 degrees) from Baikonur. The constellation is designed to monitor high-altitude areas of the Earth. The spacecraft is to be based on the Elektro weather-forecasting satellite. In 2008, the first pair of Arktika-M satellites was expected to fly in 2013. (299), but by December 2010, the mission slipped to 2014. (442) By 2012, the first launch was promised in 2015 and the second in 2016. In the middle of 2015, the launch was postponed from 2016 to 2017. By the beginning 2018, the launch was promised in 2019.
2019: A Soyuz rocket to launch Resurs-P No. 5 satellite. (As of beginning of 2018).
2019: Russia to launch the Ekspress-OR1 communications satellite (as of 2014).
2019: Russia to launch the Ekspress-PF1 communications satellite (as of 2014).
2019: Russia to launch the Ekspress-AT3 communications satellite (as of 2014).
2019: Russia to launch the Ekspress-DM4 communications satellite (as of 2014).
2019: A Soyuz rocket with a Fregat upper stage to launch the second pair of a quartet of satellites to study plasma within the Roy ("Swarm") project from Plesetsk. Each 200-kilogram spacecraft would be based on the Karat platform with plasma-electric engines and carry around 60 kilograms of payload. The scientific payload would be based on the Strannik experiment. (612). Each spacecraft would carry a single magnitometer boom and four booms for measurement of the magnetic field.
2019: Russia to launch the Okean No. 1 ocean-monitoring satellite. (As of 2010-2012)
2019: Russia to complete the orbital deployment of the Obzor-O four-satellite remote-sensing constellation. (As of October 2012)
2019: A Soyuz-2-1b rocket to launch a cluster of four Rezonans spacecraft to study plasma and the magnetic field around the Earth. The same launch would also deploy MKA-FKI No. 4/Karat spacecraft carrying the Strannik plasma-research payload. In 2008, the launch was promised as early as 2012, 299 and later in 2013. By 2009, the mission was planned in 2014, (388) however by the beginning of the year it was postponed to 2017-2018. Moreover, at the COSPAR conference in the summer of 2014, the launch was promised no earlier than 2019.
2019: An Angara rocket to fly its first mission from a newly completed launch pad in Vostochny Cosmodrome, possibly with an unmanned prototype of the PTK NP spacecraft. (A statement by the head of TsNIIMash research institute Gennady Raikunov on December 3, 2012, promised the first launch of PTK NP on Angara in 2018.)
This page is compiled by Anatoly Zak; Last update: September 13, 2018
Page editor: Alain Chabot; Last edit: April 30, 2011
All rights reserved
An artist rendering of the Node Module (right). Click to enlarge. Copyright © 2015 Anatoly Zak
A scale model of Luna-Glob lander presented at the Paris Air and Space Show in Le Bourget in June 2013. Copyright © 2013 Claude Mourier
The Arktika satellite could be based on the Elektro weather-forecasting satellite. Credit: Roskosmos
As of 2011, the first CSO-1 (Composante Spatiale Optique) satellite was expected to fly on a Soyuz rocket in December 2016. Copyright © 2009 Anatoly Zak