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Russian space budget gets major boost in 2013
Continuing its steady growth during the 2010s, the Russian space budget got further increase in the new year to 128.3 billion rubles ($4.2 billion), including 13 billion ($430.4 million) allocated for the construction of the Soyuz launch site in Vostochny, AmurInfo news agency reported.
According to the official federal budget approved by President Putin on Dec. 3, 2012, Roskosmos would receive 167,630 billion rubles ($5.5 - 5.174 billion) during the year, increasing its share in the federal spending by 0.11 percent from 1.14 percent in 2012, Igor Lisov, a leading expert in space budget reported. The Russian space budget would grow by 16.4 percent comparing to the previous year, for the first time bringing the Russian space program to the same funding level ($5.2 billion; €4,02 billion) as that of the European Space Agency, ESA. Russia would still spend only 29-33 percent from the amount of money that NASA would have available during the year ($17.8 billion), Lisov estimated.
Following a collegium meeting on March 1, Roskosmos announced that the Russian civilian orbital assets had been comprised of 75 spacecraft, including 29 navigation satellites, 26 communications satellites, two observation satellites, two weather-forecasting satellites, two scientific and five experimental spacecraft, as well as five ISS modules, two manned transport vehicles and two cargo ships. According to Roskosmos, the Russian spacecraft made up 10 percent out a total of 1,140 space vehicles working in orbit as of Jan. 1, 2013.
World's orbital launch attempts in 2013 (as of May 16, 2013 ):
*A technical problem during the operation of the Briz-KM upper stage. Payload delivered successfully.
The 2013 space launch score card (as of May 16, 2013 ):
*A technical problem during the operation of the Briz-KM upper stage. Payload delivered successfully.
Planned Russian space missions in 2013:
June: A Soyuz rocket with a Fregat upper stage to launch the first quartet of 03b satellites from Kourou, French Guiana, into a 8,063-kilometer equatorial-injection orbit for the 03B Networks Ltd, a new global, high-speed, satellite-based Internet network for telecommunications operators and ISPs. It was designed to provide high-speed, ultra-low-latency Internet Protocol (IP) connectivity between emerging and developed markets worldwide. More than 3 billion people in Asia, Africa, South America and the Middle East were reported to benefit from O3B’s new broadband internet infrastructure. The system was promised to fundamentally change the way IP, 3G Cellular and WiMAX networks interconnect. It was expected to reduce the costs of backhaul for Mobile Operators and Internet Service Providers, enabling them to provide more cost-effective services in underserved and emerging markets. O3b Networks Ltd., based in Jersey (Channel Islands) had investors including SES, Google Inc., Liberty Global Inc. and HSBC.
O3B satellites built by Thales Alenia Space had a mass of 700 kilograms and a design life of 10 years. The satellites were to operate in Ka-band and provide greater than 10 Gbps of capacity.
According to plans announced by Sea Launch on Sept. 23, 2008, Sea Launch's Zenit-3SL rocket would deliver two batches of eight satellites for O3b Networks Limited for Medium Earth Orbit (MEO) telecommunications satellite constellation in 2010 into a 7,825-kilometer equatorial-injection orbit. For these missions, Sea Launch was developing a new multi-spacecraft dispenser accommodating O3b Networks’ specific orbital insertion requirements. In March 2010, O3b Networks announced that it had cancelled the agreement with the troubled Sea Launch and switched to Soyuz rockets. At the time, first launch was apparently planned in 2012. In reality, first four O3b satellites arrived to French Guiana by April 26, 2013. At the time, Arianespace promised the first launch in June, while another launch was planned in the second half of 2013 and yet another in 2014 with four satellites each.
End of second quarter: A Proton rocket to launch Ekspress-AM5 communications satellite for Russian Satellite Communications Company, RSCC. The satellite built by Reshetnev ISS (former NPO PM) was scheduled to be placed at 140 degrees East longitude over the Equator and have a life span of 15 years. The agreement for the mission was reached on Oct. 27, 2009, and the launch was previously expected in the first quarter of 2012. The mission then slipped to December 2012 and by September of that year it was expected in the second quarter of 2013.
First half of 2013: A Proton rocket to launch first of three Inmarsat-5 satellites from Baikonur. The agreement to launch a trio of satellites on three Proton rockets in 2013-2014 was announced on Aug. 1, 2011. Based on the 702HP Ka-band satellite built by Boeing, Inmarsat-5 was conceived to form the constellation to support Inmarsat’s Global Xpress network. Global Xpress was designed to offer seamless global coverage and deliver unprecedented mobile broadband speeds of up to 50MB/s for users in the government, maritime, enterprise, energy and aeronautical sectors. Inmarsat promised to invest an estimated amount of $1.2 billion in the Global Xpress program, which includes launch costs.
Second half of the year: The Soyuz ST rocket to conduct the first of five missions delivering pairs of Full Operational Capability, FOC, satellites for Europe's Galileo navigation constellation from Kourou. Arianespace announced signing of a contract for five missions on Jan. 26, 2010. The mission was delayed from December 2012.
Third quarter: A Proton rocket to launch Ekspress-AT1 and Ekspress-AT2 communications satellites for Russian Satellite Communications Company, RSCC. As of 2010, one Russian and one Western operator was expected to use satellites' communication capacities. The mission was originally expected in September 2012.
Third quarter: A Proton rocket to launch Ekspress-AM6 communications satellite for Russian Satellite Communications Company, RSCC. The satellite built by Reshetnev ISS (former NPO PM) was scheduled to be placed at 53 degrees East longitude over the Equator and have a life span of 15 years. The agreement for the mission was reached on Oct. 27, 2009, with the mission originally planned in the third quarter of 2012. During the first half of 2012, the mission was planned for the second quarter of 2013 and by September of that year it was postponed to the third quarter of 2013.
Fourth quarter: A Zenit-3SLB/Fregat-SB to launch a Ukrainian Lybid satellite from Baikonur. (As of April 2012. When first announced in 2006, the mission was promised to take place in 2010 and was later expected in September 2011. In April 2010, the launch was promised in April 2012.)
December 2013: The Soyuz-2 rocket to launch Resurs-P No. 2 remote-sensing satellite for the Russian government. The satellite was also expected to carry a Nuklon experiment. The December 2013 launch date was set in June 2008 and in March 2012, TsSKB Progress confirmed that the mission was expected in the fourth quarter of 2013.
Uncertain dates in 2013
Delayed from April-May: A Soyuz-2.1v rocket to launch the 500-kilogram Mikhailo Lomonosov satellite. As of May 2012, the launch was expected around April-May 2013, with the delivery of Moscow University's instruments to a prime manufacturer, VNIIEM, by the end of August 2012.
Delayed from March: A Soyuz-2-1b/Fregat rocket to launch the Meteor-M No. 2 remote-sensing satellite, along with secondary payloads including MKA-FKI PN2 Relek, Venta-1 and UKube-1 satellite built by Clyde Space in Glasgow, UK. (As of May 2011. As of March 2008, the launch was promised in the third quarter of 2011. At the end of 2009, the launch was still expected in 2011, however by February 2011, the mission slipped to 2012. It was first expected in September and later slipped to November-December 2012. By 2012, the mission was delayed to March 2013.
Delayed from April 23: A Rockot booster to deliver a trio of Gonets-M satellites for the Gonets-D1M network from Plesetsk. As of January 2011, the launch was expected at the end of March 2011, but was later delayed to December 2011. In May 2012, the mission was promised in November-December. By July 2012, the mission was still promised in December 2012, however by October it was set for Jan. 30, 2013. At the end of 2012, the launch was promised on March 20, 2013, however by the end of January 2013, the mission was postponed to April 23.
April: A Soyuz-2-1v (formerly Soyuz-1) rocket to lift off on its first mission from Pad 4 at Site 43 in Plesetsk carrying a test version of the Aist satellite and a pair of radar-calibration payloads.
May: A Proton/Briz-M to launch a Sirius FM-6 radio-broadcasting satellite for Sirius Satellite Radio of the US. The contract was announced on Feb. 7, 2006. In February 2008, Sirius announced that a total of two satellites would be launched on Proton, one with an unspecified date. The Sirius FM-6 mission was originally expected in the fourth quarter of 2010, it was later delayed to late December 2011 and to Jan. 24 and Jan. 29, 2012. By the end of 2011, the mission slipped to the third week of February 2012 and then was scheduled for March 5 and April 24, 2012. The launch was later expected in August 2012. The Briz-M upper stage for the mission was flown to Baikonur on May 11 and the spacecraft followed on May 19. By November 2012, the launch was expected in May 2013.
Delayed from February-March: A Rockot booster to launch a trio of SWARM geomagnetic research satellites from Pad 3 at Site 133 in Plesetsk. The contract for the mission with the European Space Agency was signed in April 2010. The launch was planned for the middle of October 2012, but by the beginning of June of that year was rescheduled for November 13. Following a failed launch of the Proton rocket with Briz-M upper stage in August 2012, the mission was postponed to February-March 2013.
Delayed from March 1: A Soyuz-2-1b/Fregat rocket to launch the GLONASS-K1 satellite from Pad 4 at Site 43 in Plesetsk. The mission was previously expected in the third quarter of 2012, on November 14 and Dec. 25, 2012. The March 1 launch date was set at the beginning of January 2013.
Delayed from April: A Proton rocket to launch SES-6 communications satellite. SES-6 was the sixth mission under the SES Multi Launch Agreement (MLA) signed in June 2007 between ILS and SES Satellite Leasing Limited, SES’s satellite procurement and leasing company in the Isle of Man. Plans for the SES-6 launch were announced on March 16, 2011. SES-6, weighing about six metric tons at launch, was being built on Astrium’s Eurostar 3000 platform and was expected to carry 43 C-band and 43 Ku-band transponders to serve SES’s existing cable-television customers and provide capacity for growth. SES-6 would replace NSS-806 at the orbital location of 319.5 degrees East, and would provide enhanced coverage in North, Central and South America and will further support applications like HD, DTH, enterprise networks and digital inclusion projects in the Latin America region serving over 18 million households. During 2012, the mission was expected in the first quarter of 2013, but by November it was postponed to April.
Delayed from December 2012: The Soyuz ST rocket to launch the 2,300-kilogram Sentinel-1A Earth-watching satellite from the Soyuz launch complex in Kourou, French Guiana, into a 690-kilometer Sun-synchronous orbit for the European program of Global Monitoring for Environment and Security, GMES. Developed by Thales Alenia Space Italy, the spacecraft was to be equipped with a C-band synthetic aperture radar, SAR. The contract for the launch of Sentinel-1A was announced on Dec. 16, 2010.
Delayed from October-November 2012: A Dnepr rocket to launch from Dombarovsky 13 base carrying a cluster of small satellites including DubaiSat-2, STSat-3, WNISat-1, SkySat-1, UniSat-5, AprizeSat-7, AprizeSat-8, GOMX-1, BRITE-PL (Lem), a BPA-3 payload, as well as containers holding several "cubesat" microsatellites: UWE-3, Ukube-1, NEE-01 Pegaso, Delfi-n3Xt, Triton 1/2, Cinema 2/3, FUNcube-1.
Delayed from November 2012: A Proton-M/Block DM-03 rocket to launch a trio of GLONASS-M navigation satellites from Baikonur. At the beginning of May 2012, Roskosmos was considering its commitment to the November 2012 launch window.
Delayed from Nov. 29, 2012: A Strela booster to launch the Kondor-E remote-sensing satellite for the Russian government from an underground silo facility No. 59 at Site 175 in Baikonur. As of May 2007, the launch was promised at the beginning of 2008. In September 2011, the launch was promised around January 2012. By September 2012, the delivery of the satellite to Baikonur was promised within a month with the launch on November 29, however by November 2012, the mission was delayed to 2013. On Dec. 27, 2012, while making best wishes to the personnel of NPO Mashinostroenia in the coming new year, head of the company Aleksandr Leonov said that the Kondor project had reached a final stage and the development of the new space system had been initiated, along with the work on Baumanets-2 satellite.
Late 2013: A Proton rocket to launch Turksat 4A communications satellite from Baikonur. The agreement for the launch was announced on April 5, 2011. The 3800-kilogram satellite was to be built by Mitsubishi Electric Corporation, MELCO, of Tokyo, Japan, based on the company's standard DS2000 comsat platform. The design life of 15-year on orbit service of the satellites will provide telecommunication and direct TV broadcasting services throughout Turkey, as well as in Europe, Central Asia, the Middle East and Africa. Turksat AS satellite operator will use Turksat 4A at its core 42 degrees East longitude orbital position. Turksat 4A would include Ku-band transponders for television broadcasting, and an undisclosed number of C- and Ka-band channels.
Late 2013: A Proton rocket to launch the Yamal-401 communications satellite for Gazprom from Baikonur into a geostationary orbit at 90 degrees East longitude over the Equator. The satellite was to be built by Thales Alenia Space with ISS Reshetnev (NPO PM) as a component supplier. The original agreement for the development of the satellite was reached in February 2009 and the launch was expected on the Ariane-5 rocket. However on January 21, 2010, a shareholders meeting of Gazprom Space Systems approved an increased involvement of the Russian industry into the project and switched the launch provider to ILS (Proton). On May 28, 2010, it was announced that the 3,150-kilogram Yamal-401 would be a smaller spacecraft in the Yamal-400 series, enabling its launch directly into the geostationary orbit. Unlike its predecessor in a series, Yamal-401 would be built by ISS Reshetnev, while Thales Alenia Space would provide a communications payload. Both Yamal-400-series satellites were to have an anticipated service life of 15 years and based on the Ekspress-2000 platform. On May 2, 2012, ISS Reshetnev flown the payload module of the satellite to Toulouse, France, for a seven-month integration with the transponders built by Thales Alenia Space.
May: A Soyuz rocket to launch a Gaia astronomy satellite from Kourou, French Guiana, in the L2, (the second Lagrange point) 1.5 million kilometers from Earth, on a five-year mission to catalog about one billion stars (all stars down to 20th magnitude) with unprecedented accuracy. (As of May 2011. As of 2009, the launch was scheduled for 2012.)
End of 2013: A Soyuz rocket to launch the Foton-M No. 4 spacecraft. The spacecraft is expected to be equipped with solar panels, modified service module, and the new liquid-propellant orbit correction engine. The orbital lifespan of the satellite to be launched into the 400-450-kilometer orbit was expected to increase to 60 days. (As of April 2009. Originally, the mission was expected as early as 2010, but required beginning of funding in 2008. In mid-2011, the launch was expected at the end of 2013.)
2013: An Indian cosmonaut to fly onboard the Russian Soyuz spacecraft. The inter-government agreement for the mission was reached during the visit of the Russian president Dmitry Medvedev to India in December 2008.
2013: Russia to launch an MKA-FKI No. 3 satellite with a Konus-M gamma-ray payload.
Delayed from spring 2012: Originally, the Volna rocket was to launch German Space Agency's European eXPErimental Reentry Testbed, EXPERT, capsule on a suborbital trajectory from a submarine in the Pacific Ocean to the Kura impact range in the Kamchatka Peninsula. As of mid-2011. During 2010, the mission was planned in the summer of 2011. In 2008, the mission was expected in October of 2010. The Russian Navy refused to carry the mission and as of May 2012, ESA was still searching for alternative launch providers in Russia or in the US. As of October 2012, Roskosmos offered a Soyuz-1 launcher for the mission, however two sides still failed to reach an agreement.
Delayed from 2012:
2012: A Dnepr booster to launch KOMPSat-5 remote-sensing satellite for South Korea from Dombarovsky-13. By 2012, the mission was surrounded by uncertainty due to anticipated end of the Dnepr program. In the Spring, Korea's Minister of Education, Science and Technology Lee Ju-ho had talked to Russian officials, however he was reportedly told that the Dnepr program would be discontinued and Koreans would have to choose among other (more expensive) launchers.
2012: An AzerSat-2 communications satellite to be launched from Baikonur for the government of Azerbaijan. The spacecraft is to be built by Orbital Sciences Corp.
A Proton-M rocket to launch the Astra-2E communications satellite from Baikonur. According to original plans, this mission was to carry Astra-2F satellite in the fourth quarter of 2012. However due to problems with Astra-2E satellite, it was rescheduled to fly on the delayed Proton mission in the second quarter of 2013, while Astra-2F was switched to an Ariane-5 rocket available for launch in 2012. By November 2012, the mission was expected in March 2013. By March the mission was promised in April 2013.
Delayed from previous years:
Delayed from 2009:
2009: Russia to launch the TNS-2 nano-satellite developed by RNII KP equipped with magnetic attitude-control system and research payloads.
This page is compiled by Anatoly Zak, with contributions from George H. Chambers and S. Günes
Last update: May 16, 2013
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A scale model of the Bion-M research satellite. Copyright © 2010 Anatoly Zak
A trio of European SWARM satellites was scheduled for launch on a Rockot booster. Copyright © 2010 Anatoly Zak
The MYRIADE micro-satellite bus would serve as a platform for French Space Agency's Taranis magnetosphere research mission, scheduled for launch in 2012-2013, possibly on a Russian rocket. Click to enlarge. Copyright © 2009 Anatoly Zak
A Russian vehicle was to send the Gaia astronomy satellite 1.5 million kilometers away from Earth. Copyright © 2009 Anatoly Zak
The Konus spacecraft. Credit: NPO Lavochkin
A scale model of the Kompsat-3A satellite, which was expected to be launched on Dnepr booster. Copyright © 2010 Anatoly Zak
Europe's Sentinel-3 satellite was expected to fly on Rockot booster. Copyright © 2010 Anatoly Zak
The Aist satellite (shown in real size) was expected to be Soyuz-1's payload during the first test launch. Copyright © 2009 Anatoly Zak
A long-delayed Kondor remote-sensing satellite. Click to enlarge. Copyright © 2002 Anatoly Zak