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World's orbital launch attempts in 2014 (as of March 1, 2014 ):
The 2014 space launch score card (as of March 1, 2014 ):
PLANNED RUSSIAN SPACE MISSIONS IN 2014:
March 16: A Proton rocket to launch Ekspress-AT1 and Ekspress-AT2 communications satellites for Russian Satellite Communications Company, RSCC. As of 2010, one Russian and one Western operator was expected to use satellites' communication capacities. The mission was originally expected in September 2012. The launch was then expected in the third quarter 2013, however by October 2013, it was postponed to 2014. By the beginning of that year, the mission was scheduled for March 4. By February, the mission was delayed until March 16.
April 4: The Soyuz ST rocket to launch the 2,300-kilogram Sentinel-1A Earth-watching satellite from the Soyuz launch complex in Kourou, French Guiana, into a 690-kilometer Sun-synchronous orbit for the European program of Global Monitoring for Environment and Security, GMES. Developed by Thales Alenia Space Italy, the spacecraft was to be equipped with a C-band synthetic aperture radar, SAR. The contract for the launch of Sentinel-1A was announced on Dec. 16, 2010, with the mission scheduled for liftoff in December 2012. By the end of 2013, the launch was expected in the first half of 2014. On January 14, Arianespace announced that the launch had been scheduled for March 28. However in February, delays with the launch of the Ariane-5 rocket, required to postpone the mission until April 4.
April 16: A Soyuz-U rocket to launch EgyptSat-2 satellite from Site 31 in Baikonur. (As of January 2013).
April 28: A Proton-M rocket to launch the KazSat-3 communications satellite for the government of Kazakhstan and the Luch-5V data relay satellite riding to orbit above the KazSat-3. The launch was previously expected in March 2014, however by the beginning of that year, the mission slipped to April 27.
2014: The Soyuz rocket to launch a quartet of 700-kilogram 03b satellites from Kourou, French Guiana, into a 8,000-kilometer orbit for 03B Networks. On Dec. 9, 2011, Arianespace announced that 03b Networks has exercised the first of the two options in its contract with Arianespace for an additional launch in 2014 for the O3b Networks’ satellite constellation. By exercising this option, O3b has allocated a total of three launches of 12 satellites to Arianespace, with two prior missions scheduled for 2013.
First quarter: A Rockot booster to launch a trio of Rodnik communications satellites from Pad 3 at Site 133 in Plesetsk, according to a statement of the commander of the Russian air and space forces, VKO, to the Zvezda TV channel on Dec. 25, 2013.
April: A Soyuz rocket to launch the Foton-M No. 4 spacecraft. The spacecraft is expected to be equipped with solar panels, modified service module, and the new liquid-propellant orbit correction engine. The orbital life span of the satellite to be launched into the 400-450-kilometer orbit was expected to increase to 60 days. Originally, the mission was expected as early as 2010, but required beginning of funding in 2008. In mid-2011, the launch was expected at the end of 2013. In June 2013, the head of TSKB Progress promised the launch of Foton-M4 in April 2014. At the time, the assembly of the satellite was entering a final stage and its scientific payload were expected to arrive in July-August of 2013.
June 1: A Soyuz-2-1b rocket to launch a Meteor-M No. 2-1 satellite, along with a cluster of secondary payloads from Baikonur. As of beginning of 2014, secondary payloads included AISSat-2 for the University of Toronto and the Institute for Aerospace Studies in Norway; Baumanets-2 for Bauman Moscow State Technical University in Moscow, Russia; DX-1 developed by Dauria Aerospace, Russia; M3MSat for CSA / COM DEV, Canada; Relek (MKA-PN-2) developed by NPO Lavochkin; SkySat-2, Skybox Imaging, USA; TechDemoSat-1 for SSTL in UK; UKube-1 for the UK Space Agency; Venta-1 for Ventspils University, Latvia. Previous plans called for the launch of Ionosfera No. 1 and Ionosfera No. 2 satellites during this mission.
June: A Proton rocket to launch the Yamal-401 communications satellite for Gazprom from Baikonur into a geostationary orbit at 90 degrees East longitude over the Equator. The satellite was to be built by Thales Alenia Space with ISS Reshetnev (NPO PM) as a component supplier. The original agreement for the development of the satellite was reached in February 2009 and the launch was expected on the Ariane-5 rocket. However on January 21, 2010, a shareholders meeting of Gazprom Space Systems approved an increased involvement of the Russian industry into the project and switched the launch provider to ILS (Proton). On May 28, 2010, it was announced that the 3,150-kilogram Yamal-401 would be a smaller spacecraft in the Yamal-400 series, enabling its launch directly into the geostationary orbit. Unlike its predecessor in a series, Yamal-401 would be built by ISS Reshetnev, while Thales Alenia Space would provide a communications payload. Both Yamal-400-series satellites were to have an anticipated service life of 15 years and based on the Ekspress-2000 platform. On May 2, 2012, ISS Reshetnev flown the payload module of the satellite to Toulouse, France, for a seven-month integration with the transponders built by Thales Alenia Space. The mission was expected initially expected at the end of 2013, however by that middle of that year, it was postponed. In February 2014, the launch was planned for June of that year.
Beginning of June: An Angara-1.2 rocket (a light "PP" version - from the Russian abbreviation of "first launch") to fly its first test mission from Plesetsk with a dummy payload. As of May 2012, the launch was promised in the second quarter of 2013, however by April of that year it was officially postponed to 2014. By May 2013, the launch was delayed until May 2014. By February 2014, the launch was expected at the beginning of June.
Summer: A Soyuz rocket to launch the Baumanets-2 experimental satellite.
Fall of 2014: A Proton rocket to launch Ekspress-AM7 communications satellite for Russian Satellite Communications Company, RSCC. The satellite will replace Ekspress-AM1 in the orbital position of 40 degrees East logitude. (As of August 2013. Originally planned for launch in the beginning of 2014.)
September: A Proton rocket to launch Astra-2G communications satellite from Baikonur.
September: A Proton rocket to launch Inmarsat-5 F2 satellite from Baikonur. The agreement to launch a trio of satellites on three Proton rockets in 2013-2014 was announced on Aug. 1, 2011. Based on the 702HP Ka-band satellite built by Boeing, Inmarsat-5 was conceived to form the constellation to support Inmarsat’s Global Xpress network. Global Xpress was designed to offer seamless global coverage and deliver unprecedented mobile broadband speeds of up to 50MB/s for users in the government, maritime, enterprise, energy and aeronautical sectors. Inmarsat promised to invest an estimated amount of $1.2 billion in the Global Xpress program, which includes launch costs. In February 2014, the launch of Inmarsat-5 F2 was planned in September.
October: A Proton rocket to launch the MEXSAT-1 satellite for the Mexican government’s Ministry of Communications and Transportation, the Secretaria de Comunicaciones y Transportes, SCT. MEXSAT-1 is a 5800-kilogram satellite built on Boeing’s 702 HP platform for GEO-Mobile services, designed for a lifetime of 15 years. The satellite will carry a 22-meter L-band reflector for mobile terminal links, complemented by a 2-meter Ku-band antenna. Located at the orbital location of 113 degrees West, MEXSAT-1 will join the country's current satellite fleet to offer mobile satellite services and fixed satellite services to support governmental, civil and humanitarian efforts. The agreement for the launch in 2013 or 2014 was announced on March 9, 2012. In February 2014, the launch of Inmarsat-5 F2 was planned in October.
November: A Proton rocket to launch Turksat-4B communications satellite from Baikonur. The 3800-kilogram satellite was to be built by Mitsubishi Electric Corporation, MELCO, of Tokyo, Japan, based on the company's standard DS2000 comsat platform. The design life of 15-year on orbit service of the satellites will provide telecommunication and direct TV broadcasting services throughout Turkey, as well as in Europe, Central Asia, the Middle East and Africa. Turksat 4B will be operated at 50 degrees east position. The agreement for the launch was announced on April 5, 2011. In February 2014, the launch of Turksat-4B was planned in November.
November: An Angara-5 rocket (heavy version) equipped with a Briz-M upper stage to fly a test mission from Plesetsk. In 2009, the mission was delayed from the second half of 2011 to the first quarter of 2013; in the middle of 2010, delayed from 2012 to 2013. In May 2013, the launch was promised in November 2014.
June: A Shtil 2.1 submarine-launched rocket to launch a 19-kilogram solar sail demonstrator, along with a constellation of 50 small CubeSat satellites for multi-point and long-duration studies of lower thermosphere of the Earth under QB-50 program into a 330-kilometer orbit, with the inclination 79 degrees toward the Equator. (As of September 2010)
As early as 2014: A Proton rocket to launch an Asiasat communications satellite from Baikonur. On June 22, 2012, the International Launch Services, ILS, which markets Proton to commercial customers, announced a contract with Asia Satellite Telecommunications Co. Ltd. one of the company's future satellites, AsiaSat 6, AsiaSat 8 or AsiaSat 9, a replacement satellite to be procured for AsiaSat 4. The launch contract had included an option for AsiaSat to order one additional launch service from ILS for any of its upcoming three satellites, ILS said.
End of 2014: Ukraine to launch a Sich-2M remote-sensing satellite. (As of May 2013)
2014: A Soyuz-2-1b rocket to launch a cluster of four Rezonans spacecraft to study plasma and the magnetic field around the Earth. The same launch would also deploy MKA-FKI No. 4/Karat spacecraft carrying the Strannik plasma-research payload. In 2008, the launch was promised as early as 2012, 299 and later in 2013. By 2009, the mission was planned in 2014. (388)
2014: Russia to fly a Vozvrat retrievable capsule. (388)
2014: Russia to launch Kanopus-V No. 3 and No. 4 satellites.
2014: A Tsyklon-4 rocket to fly its first mission from Alcantara, Brazil with Nano-JASMINE payload. In November 2006, the Tsyklon-4 rocket was promised to fly its first mission from Alcantara in 2008. According to a Sept. 19, 2007, statement by the head of the Ukrainian space agency Yu. Alekseev, the mission would take place in 2009. As 2011, the launch was promised in November 2013, however by mid-2012, the mission was delayed to 2014.
2014: Russia to launch second Geo-IK-2 satellite. (As of June 2013)
2014: A Proton rocket to launch Ekspress-AM6 communications satellite for Russian Satellite Communications Company, RSCC. The satellite built by Reshetnev ISS (former NPO PM) was scheduled to be placed at 53 degrees East longitude over the Equator and have a life span of 15 years. The agreement for the mission was reached on Oct. 27, 2009, with the mission originally planned in the third quarter of 2012. During the first half of 2012, the mission was planned for the second quarter of 2013 and by September of that year it was postponed to the third quarter of 2013. By October, the mission was postponed until 2014.
2014: A Proton rocket to launch Ekspress-AM8 communications satellite for Russian Satellite Communications Company, RSCC. The mission was initially expected in the third quarter of 2013, but August 2013, it was postponed until 2014.
Delayed from 2013:
Postponed from end of September 2013: A Soyuz-ST rocket to launch a second quartet of O3b satellites from Kourou, French Guiana. (As of beginning of 2013, the mission was expected in the middle of September of that year.)
Postponed from second half of 2013: The Soyuz ST rocket to conduct the first of five missions delivering pairs of Full Operational Capability, FOC, satellites for Europe's Galileo navigation constellation from Kourou. Arianespace announced signing of a contract for five missions on Jan. 26, 2010. The mission was delayed from December 2012.
Postponed from fourth quarter of 2013: A Zenit-3SLB/Fregat-SB to launch a Ukrainian Lybid satellite from Baikonur. (As of April 2012. When first announced in 2006, the mission was promised to take place in 2010 and was later expected in September 2011. In April 2010, the launch was promised in April 2012.)
Postponed from end of 2013: The Soyuz ST rocket to conduct the second of five missions delivering pairs of Full Operational Capability, FOC, satellites for Europe's Galileo navigation constellation from Kourou.
Postponed from April-May: A Soyuz-2.1v rocket to launch the 500-kilogram Mikhailo Lomonosov satellite. As of May 2012, the launch was expected around April-May 2013, with the delivery of Moscow University's instruments to a prime manufacturer, VNIIEM, by the end of August 2012.
Postponed from March: A Soyuz-2-1b/Fregat rocket to launch the Meteor-M No. 2 remote-sensing satellite, along with secondary payloads including MKA-FKI PN2 Relek, Venta-1 and UKube-1 satellite built by Clyde Space in Glasgow, UK. (As of May 2011. As of March 2008, the launch was promised in the third quarter of 2011. At the end of 2009, the launch was still expected in 2011, however by February 2011, the mission slipped to 2012. It was first expected in September and later slipped to November-December 2012. By 2012, the mission was delayed to March 2013.
Postponed from 2013: An Indian cosmonaut to fly onboard the Russian Soyuz spacecraft. The inter-government agreement for the mission was reached during the visit of the Russian president Dmitry Medvedev to India in December 2008.
Postponed from 2013: Russia to launch an MKA-FKI No. 3 satellite with a Konus-M gamma-ray payload.
Postponed from Spring 2012: Originally, the Volna rocket was to launch German Space Agency's European eXPErimental Reentry Testbed, EXPERT, capsule on a suborbital trajectory from a submarine in the Pacific Ocean to the Kura impact range in the Kamchatka Peninsula. As of mid-2011. During 2010, the mission was planned in the summer of 2011. In 2008, the mission was expected in October of 2010. The Russian Navy refused to carry the mission and as of May 2012, ESA was still searching for alternative launch providers in Russia or in the US. As of October 2012, Roskosmos offered a Soyuz-1 launcher for the mission, however two sides still failed to reach an agreement.
Postponed from 2012:
Postponed from 2012: An AzerSat-2 communications satellite to be launched from Baikonur for the government of Azerbaijan. The spacecraft is to be built by Orbital Sciences Corp.
Postponed from previous years:
Postponed from 2009: Russia to launch the TNS-2 nano-satellite developed by RNII KP equipped with magnetic attitude-control system and research payloads.
This page is compiled by Anatoly Zak with contributions from George H. Chambers
Last update: March 1, 2014
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The Angara family of launchers. Copyright © 2001 Anatoly Zak
A scale model of the Angara-5 rocket. Copyright © 2011 Anatoly Zak
A scale model of the Kompsat-3A satellite, which was expected to be launched on Dnepr booster. Copyright © 2010 Anatoly Zak
The Konus spacecraft. Credit: NPO Lavochkin
Europe's Sentinel-3 satellite was expected to fly on Rockot booster. Copyright © 2010 Anatoly Zak
The MYRIADE micro-satellite bus would serve as a platform for French Space Agency's Taranis magnetosphere research mission, scheduled for launch in 2012-2013, possibly on a Russian rocket. Click to enlarge. Copyright © 2009 Anatoly Zak