Russian space program in 2022
Planned Russian space missions in 2022:
March 18: A Soyuz-2 rocket to launch the Soyuz MS-21 spacecraft (No. 750, ISS mission 66S) with a crew of three from Baikonur to the International Space Station, ISS. The mission was originally assigned to dock at the MIM1 Rassvet module, a part of the station's Russian Segment.
The launch was previously planned for March 30, but in the provisional flight manifest prepared by Roskosmos by the end of Summer 2020, the launch of Soyuz MS-21 was advanced to March 18, 2022.
As of Fall of 2020, the mission was to mark the first flight of a US astronaut aboard Soyuz within a barter agreement between NASA and Roskosmos aimed to ensure presence of crew members from the two sides trained to operate the US and Russian segments of the station during long-duration expeditions. However, in the absence of the agreement between NASA and Roskosmos in 2021, Russian cosmonauts Oleg Artemiev, Denis Matveev and Sergei Korsakov were training for the mission. On May 19, 2021, Roskosmos officially confirmed the crew as part of Expedition 67. Sergei Prokopiev, Anna Kikina and Dmitry Petelin were assigned to be backups.
April 16: A Soyuz rocket to launch a Progress MS-20 cargo ship from Baikonur toward the International Space Station, ISS. (As of 2014) The spacecraft was shipped from RKK Energia's test facility in Korolev to Baikonur on June 24, 2021.
Early 2022: Russia to launch the Meteor-M No. 2-4 meteorological satellite. (As of beginning of 2018, the mission was promised in 2021. The mission was previously planned in May 2020).
Second quarter: A Soyuz-ST rocket to launch a pair of European Galileo navigation satellites from the ELS facility in French Guiana. The payload was shifted from the Ariane-6 rocket due to delays with the introduction of the new launch vehicle.
September 20, 14:10 UTC: A Proton-M rocket with a Briz-M stage to launch the ExoMars rover from Baikonur. In case of on-time launch, the spacecraft was scheduled to land on Mars on June 10, 2023 at 15:32 UTC. The launch window open until October 1, 2022. (As of September 2020. There were earlier reports expecting the launch in August 2022.)
September 13: A Soyuz-2 rocket to launch the Soyuz MS-22 spacecraft with a crew of three from Baikonur to the International Space Station, ISS. (As of 2014) As of 2020, Russian cosmonauts Oleg Kononenko and Anna Kikina were expected to fly the mission. By May 2021, Sergei Prokopiev, Anna Kikina and Dmitri Petelin were listed on the crew, while Kononenko was moved to the next crew. Roskosmos officially confirmed the crew on May 19, 2021. Oleg Kononenko, Nikolai Chub and Andrei Fedyaev were assigned to be backups.
2022: Russia to launch the Ekspress-AMU7 communications satellite (as of 2014).
Delayed from November 2020: A Soyuz rocket to launch Resurs-P No. 5 satellite. As of beginning of 2018, the launch was planned in 2019, but by the beginning of that year, it had slipped to November 2020.
Postponed from 2021: Russia to launch the Resurs-PM remote-sensing satellite.
Postponed from December 2020: A Soyuz-ST/Fregat rocket to launch Europe's Euclid telescope from Kourou on a mission to map the distribution of galaxies. (As of October 2011, pending final approval the launch was expected in 2019. Approved in June 2012 with the 2020 launch date. By the end of 2012, the mission was expected in the mid-2020s. By the end of 2015, the launch was confirmed in December 2020.)
Scale model of the Mars rover for the ExoMars project. Copyright © 2010 Anatoly Zak
Scale model of the Mars lander with the ExoMars rover inside. Copyright © 2010 Anatoly Zak
Resurs-PM satellite as depicted in 2017. Credit: RKTs Progress
At the end of 2015, the Euclid space observatory was promised to launch in December 2020. By the middle of 2020, the launch was promised in 2022. Credit: ESA